Key Questions Addressed:
-When will V2B services become commercially viable for commercial building owners?
-What is the revenue potential for V2B-enabled vehicles in reducing building energy costs?
-Which regions of the world are leading V2B development?-How will local energy markets and pricing affect the potential for V2B? -Which markets will be the early adopters of V2B technology? -What are the market drivers and challenges for adoption of V2B technology? -Who are the key players in the emerging V2B sector? Who needs this report? -Vehicle manufacturers and suppliers -Battery manufacturers -BEMS and charging equipment suppliers -Commercial building owners and managers -Energy service companies -Fleet operators -Utilities -Government agencies -Military agencies -Investor community Table of Contents 1. Executive Summary 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Market Evolution 1.3 V2B Investment 1.4 Market Challenges 2. Market Issues 2.1 Plug-in Electric Vehicle Sales 2.1.1 Fuel Prices 2.1.2 Greening of Fleets 2.1.3 Legislative, Regulatory, and Other Drivers 2.1.4 Fuel Cell Vehicles 2.2 V2B Applications 2.2.1 Demand Charge Avoidance and Peak Shaving 2.2.2 Time-of-Use 2.2.3 Demand Response 2.2.4 Dynamic Pricing 2.2.5 Power Quality and Power Conditioning 2.2.6 Emergency and Backup Power Supply 2.2.7 Vehicle to Home 2.3 Vehicle-to-Building Value Proposition 2.3.1 Current State 2.3.2 Opportunities to Enhance the Value Proposition 22.214.171.124 Battery Cost Reduction 126.96.36.199 Charging Infrastructure Cost Reduction 188.8.131.52 Tie V2B with other BEMS Services 184.108.40.206 Microgrids 2.4 Building Energy Management Systems and Smart Grid Interface 2.5 Energy Storage in Buildings 2.5.1 Lead-Acid 2.5.2 Fuel Cells 2.5.3 Vehicle Batteries 220.127.116.11 Nickel-Metal Hydride 18.104.22.168 Lithium Ion 2.6 Vehicle to Grid 2.7 Smart Charging 2.8 Market Barriers 2.8.1 Higher Cost of PEVs Compared to ICE Vehicles 2.8.2 Impact on Battery Life of PEVs 2.8.3 Availability of PEVs for Building's Energy Demand 2.8.4 Lack of Standard Deployment in Market 2.8.5 Utility Pricing Schemes