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Global Nanotechnology Industry

3. R&D STRUCTURE & FINANCING II-44Research & Development - The Nanotechnology Lifeline II-44Pioneers into a Small World II-44US, EU and Japan - Spearheading Nanotech R&D Revolution II-45National Initiatives Promote R&D Efforts in Rest of World II-45Cross-disciplinary Nature Demands Coordinated Research II-46Interdisciplinary Nature Demands a Collective Approach II-46"United We Discover" - Industry's Call to Universities &Research Houses II-48Academic Research Institutions - Pioneering CommercialApplications II-48The Commercialization Process II-49Funding - The Lifeline for R&D II-49Research Arenas - Funding Dictates the Direction II-50Nanocompetence by Geographic Region/Country II-50R&D Budgets - Large Investments into a Small World II-51The Big Spenders II-51Government Bodies & Venture Capitalists Fuel Research Initiatives II-51Table 7: World Nanotechnology Market (2006-2015): YearlyBreakdown of Government Funding (in US$ Million) forNanotechnologies (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-52Venture Capital - New Ventures on a Back Burner? II-52Why Invest in Nanotech? II-53The Societal and Industrial Implications of Nanotechnology II-53Life Sciences (Medicine, Biology, Pharmacy and Health) II-53Industrial Sector (Materials, Products and Manufacturing) II-53Environment II-54Water Resources II-54Energy II-54Agriculture II-54Space Exploration Programs II-55Defense Capabilities II-55The Timing II-55Reality Check - Looking Beyond the Hype II-55Investment Management and Control II-56Investment Objectives - What, Where and How Much? II-56Chemicals and Advanced Materials II-56Electronics and Communications II-56Biotechnology II-57Investment Criteria - Analysis and Decision Process II-57Venture Funding - Analysis & Decision Process II-57Management of the Company II-58Product II-58Technology II-58Target Market II-58Business Model & Strategy II-58

4. NANOTECH PATENTS - AN OVERVIEW II-59Proliferation of Nanotechnology Patent II-59Patents - Guarding Intellectual Property II-59An Introduction - Concepts Made Clearer II-59Inventor II-59Types of Patent Claims II-59Patent Claims - Basic Rules of the Game II-59General Patent Trends II-60Intellectual Property (IP) Patents II-60Types of Intellectual Property II-60Patents II-60Nanotechnology Patents - Unique Characterization II-60Corporate IP Policy II-60Patent Protection Vital for Investment II-60Industry's Multidisciplinary Nature Calls for Regulations II-61Nanotechnology Patent/Claim Trends - What's New II-62

5. REVIEW OF SELECT REGIONAL MARKETS II-645a. THE UNITED STATES II-64Overview II-64US Nanotechnology Industry - Characterized by Diverse ValueChain Participants II-64A Review of Select End-Use Industries Promising RevenueOpportunities II-65Electronics and Communications II-65CNTs to Enable Better Storage Memory for Mobile Devices II-65CNTS to Help CMOS in Size Reduction II-65Health and Life Sciences II-65Chemicals and Advanced Materials II-66Transportation II-67Trends and Issues II-67Collaborated Efforts - The In-Thing II-67Time- to-Market remains a Central Concern II-67National Nanotechnology Alliance - Driving the R&D II-68Leading Universities and Their Contribution to Nano Research II-68Tools Act as Foundation for Higher Commercial Applications II-69First-Mover Status Doesn't Guarantee an Edge II-70Patent Profile II-71Challenges II-71Application Specific Nanomaterials Development Still Years Away II-71Less Demand from Semiconductor Segment II-71Challenges Galore for Start Up Companies in Nano Markets II-71Carbon Nanotubes Market II-72Research Institutes and their Involvement in DevelopingCarbon Nanotubes II-72Early Entrants - A Profile of Company Size and Life Cycle II-73Research Institutions II-73Ames Research Center II-73California Institute of Technology II-73GE Global Research II-74IBM Research II-74Johnson Space Center II-74Motorola Labs II-75 University of California II-75 University of Texas II-76

5b. CANADA II-77Issues and Trends II-77 Brain Drain - Losing the Best and Brightest II-78Universities and Government Agencies Involved in NanoscaleResearch II-78

5c. JAPAN II-79Overview II-79Analysis by End-Use Industry Segments II-79Electronics and Communications II-79Chemicals and Advanced Materials II-80Transportation II-80Health and Life Sciences II-80Nanotechnology - A Strategic Pillar in Nation's S&T Plan II-80Leading Japanese Institutions Involved in NanotechnologyPrograms Over the Years II-81Japanese Government - Leading the R&D Initiatives II-82New National Programs Drive R&D Effort II-82Japanese Programs in Nanotechnology Over the Years II-82IT/Electronics and Nanostructured Materials - Favored ResearchArenas II-83Alloys - A New Dimension II-83Nanotechnology Consortium - An Interface for Technology Transfer II-83Hindrances to Development of Nanotechnology II-84

5d. EUROPE II-85Overview II-85European Programs in Nanotechnology II-85Germany Leads the Way in Europe II-86Table 8: Nanotechogy Related Companies in Europe (2011):Number of Players in Major Regional Markets - Germany, UnitedKingdom, France, Italy and Sweden (includes correspondingGraph/Chart) II-86Healthcare and Life Sciences Dominate Europe in Terms ofNumber of Players II-86Table 9: Nanotechnology Companies in Europe (2010):Percentage Breakdown of Number of Players by Sector ofOperation - Healthcare and Life Sciences, Consumer Goods,ICT, Chemicals, Defense and Security, and Others (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-87Establishing a Regulatory Framework for Nanotechnology II-87Nanoelectronics in Europe - An Overview II-88Position of European Nanoelectronics Industry II-88Transformation of Business Models II-88Transformation of Research Models II-88Migration of Nanoelectronics Producers II-88Technological Impediments II-89Mediocre Functioning of European Research Organizations II-89Large-Scale Nanoelectronics Research Activities II-89Split in Research Investments II-89Inadequacy of Existing Funding Instruments II-90Trends and Issues II-90European NanoBusiness Association - Powering R&D Effort II-90Commercialization of Products - Separating Hype from Reality II-91R&D Institutions II-91Philips Research ( The Netherlands) II-91

5e. ASIA-PACIFIC (EXCLUDING JAPAN) II-92Overview and Structure II-92Nanotech Companies in Asia-Pacific: China Tops the List II-92Nanotech Players in Asia-Pacific by Area of Operation II-92Table 10: Nanotechnology Companies in Asia-Pacific (2010):Percentage Breakdown of Number of Players by Sector ofOperation - Chemicals, Healthcare and Life Sciences,Automotive and Transportation, Consumer Goods, InformationCommunication Technology (ICT), and Others (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-93A Geographic Break-up II-93 Australia - Part of the Tiny Revolution II-93R&D Initiatives II-94Nanostructural Analysis Network Organization Leads ResearchInitiative II-94Prominent Australian Groups with their Principal Field ofResearch II-95Australian Projects in Nanotechnology II-95The World's First Undergraduate Degree in Nanotechnology II-96 Sydney-based Company Creates World's First Nanometer-SizedWorking Device II-97Challenges for Nanotechnology Development in Australia II-97Strategies for Overcoming the Challenges II-97The National Nanofabrication Facility (NNF) and Network II-98Opportunities II-98China II-99Government Takes the R&D Initiative II-99Chinese Agencies involved in Nanotech II-99Nation's First Nanometer Technology Industrial Base Set upin Tianjin II-100Carbon Nanotubes Market II-100India II-100Nanomedicine Market Gains Pace in India II-101Thailand II-101Singapore II-102South Korea II-102Ministry of Science & Technology Takes Initiative forNanotech Funding II-102Information Technology Industry Leads Nanotech R&D Efforts II-102Carbon Nanotubes Market II-103Key Areas of Research - Energy, Optics, Textiles and MedicalEquipment II-103Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology - A Key SouthKorean R&D Participant II-103Taiwan II-103Overview II-103

5f. MIDDLE EAST II-104Israel II-104Areas of Importance II-104Iran II-104

6. TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW II-105A Conceptual Definition II-105Think small II-105What is Nanotechnology? II-105Background II-106Analysis of Major Product Segments II-106Dendrimers II-106Fullerenes II-107Nanobelts II-107Nanocapsules II-107Nanocrystalline Materials II-107Nanofibers II-108Surface Properties II-108Nanoparticles II-108Nanoporous Materials II-109Nanosprings II-109Nanotubes II-109Nanowires II-110Quantum Dots II-110Nanotech Applications - An End Use Perspective II-110Tools & Process Instruments II-110Scanning Tunneling Microscopes (STMs) II-111Atomic Force Microscopes (AFMs) II-111Scanning Probe Microscopes (SPMs) II-111Chemicals II-112Nanostructured Materials II-112Nanostructured Materials - Application Areas II-112Catalysts II-113Attributes of Nanoparticulate Catalysts II-113Future Scenario - A Road Map II-114Paints and Coatings II-114Coatings II-114Membranes and Filtration II-114Composites II-115Sunscreens with UV-light Absorbing Nanoparticles II-115Others II-115Alloys - A Definite Facelift II-115Semiconductors & Electronics II-116Nanophotonics - Directing Tomorrow's Telecom II-116Near Field Scanning Optical Microscopy (NSOM) II-116Nanocrystals II-117Memory and Display Systems II-117Optoelectronic Applications II-117Nanotechnolgy - Its Relevance in Optical Fiber CommunicationSystems II-117The Present Scenario II-117The Future - What it Holds II-118Precision Engineering, Optics and Analytics II-118Quantum Computing II-119Electronics and Electromechanical Systems II-119Miniature Bar Coded Beads Herald New Age Electronics II-119Automotive/Transportation Industry II-120Sensors and Displays II-120Sensors II-120Global Positioning System (GPS) Sensors II-120Catalytic Converters and Filters II-121Aerospace and Defense I-121Aerospace II-121Smart Aircraft II-121Defense II-122Surveillance and Smart Uniforms II-122Structural Materials and Coatings II-123Weapons II-123Pharma & Healthcare II-124Nanotechnology and Life Sciences - A Potent Mix II-124Most Hyped Applications are in the Biotech Arena II-125Actual Implementation Areas II-125Hand-Held Disease Detector II-126Biomedical Nanotechnology II-126Drug Delivery II-127Nanoparticles and Gene Therapy II-128Others II-128Nanomachines - The Tech Revolution II-128Food II-129Edible Wraps - Putting Recycling out of Fashion II-129Other End-use Applications II-129Energy II-129Quantum Wells (QW) Solar Cells II-129Dye Sensitised Nanocrystalline Devices II-130Fuel Cells and Rechargeables II-130Power Transmission II-130Nanoelectronics - Now and Ahead II-130Lighting II-131Nanoproperties of Light II-132Nanolasers II-132Nanocrystals II-132Other Miscellaneous End-Use Applications II-132Proteins - A New Way of Making Wires II-132E-Textiles - The Smart New Dress Code II-133Futuristic Applications II-134Bio-molecular Motors II-134Genetic and Tissue Engineering II-134External Tissue Products II-134Internal Tissue Implants II-134Dental and Bone Replacement II-135Protein and Gene Analysis II-135Nanorobot Therapeutics II-135Lab-on-a-Chip Techniques II-135Medical Diagnostic Sensors II-136Nano Medical Devices - From Surgical Tools to Contact Lenses II-137Nanoengineered Prosthetics II-137Nanotubes - Potential Drug Delivery Vehicles II-137Quantum Computers II-138

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