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Global Silicon And Ferro Silicon Industry

3. PRODUCT OVERVIEW II-13Silicon II-13Definition II-13Occurrence II-13Physical Properties II-13Production Process II-14Production of High Purity Float Zone (HPFZ) Silicon II-14Chemical Variants II-14Silicon Carbide II-14Applications of SiC II-14Fumed and Activated Silica II-15Applications II-15Metallurgy II-15Chemical II-15Semiconductors II-15Silicon Foundry II-16Key Global Foundries II-16Photovoltaic Cells II-16Monocrystalline Silicon Cells II-16Multicrystalline Silicon Cells II-16Amorphous Silicon Cells II-16Silicon Germanium Alloy II-16Silicon Metal Powder II-16Silicon Substitutes II-17Medicinal Properties II-17Ferro Silicon II-17Ferro-Silicon Substitutes II-17

4. TECHNICAL DEVELOPMENTS II-18Silicon for Billboards II-18Silicon for Micro-display Devices II-18Silicon, A Lifesaver II-18

5. PRODUCT INTRODUCTIONS/INNOVATIONS II-19Fresco Microchip Unveils FM5150A Silicon Tuner II-19WACKER to Launch Several New Silicone Products for Hair-careand Cosmetics Industry II-19WACKER to Launch Several New Silicones for Baby Care, Food andAutomotive Applications II-19WACKER to Launch Specialty Silicone Elastomers II-20Cree Launches 150-mm Silicon Carbide Epitaxial Wafers II-20MEMC Electronic Materials Launches MEMC FOX-Si II-20bSolar Introduces New Bifacial Silicon Solar Cells II-21Dow Corning's XIAMETER® Expands Range of Silicone Products II-21SensL Introduces New Silicon Photomultipliers in the SL Family II-21Cree Launches CMF20120D Silicon Carbide Power MOSFET II-22WACKER Introduces New Silicone and Binder Products II-22Dow Corning Introduces Silicon-Based Solutions for LED Lighting II-22WACKER to Unveil New Liquid Silicone Rubber Grades ELASTOSIL®LR 3170/40 and ELASTOSIL® LR 3011/50 FR II-23Dow Corning Launches New Slip and Leveling Agent Series forFurniture, Wood and Plastic Coatings II-23Dow Launches New Product Portfolio of Superwetting SiliconeAdditives II-24WACKER Introduces A Post-Curing Method for Silicone Elastomers II-24WACKER Unveils ELASTOSIL® LR 3066 Range of Liquid SiliconeRubber Products II-25

6. PRODUCT INTRODUCTIONS/INNOVATIONS IN THE RECENT PAST- APERSPECTIVE BUILDER II-26Kotura Rolls Out New Optical Switch II-26Polycrystalline Silicon Technology and Dynamic EngineeringIntroduces PST Hydrochlorination Converter II-26WACKER Develops New Silicone Encapsulant, ELASTOSIL® Solar2200 for FTF Modules II-26NXP Semiconductors Unveils TDA20142 Satellite Silicon Tuner II-27WACKER to Launch SILPURAN® 6610/40, a Bio-compatible SiliconeRubber II-27WACKER Launches SILRES® IC 368 and Other Surface Coating Resins II-27Dow Corning to Commence 100 mm Silicon Carbide (SiC) EpitaxyProduction II-28GLOBAL FOUNDRIES Launches Silicon-Validated Solution II-28WACKER Rolls Out POWERSIL® Fluid TR20 Insulating Fluid forTransformers II-29WACKER ( Germany) to Unveil a New Silicone Gel for ElectronicIndustry Applications II-29Wacker to Launch POWERSIL® UV for High-Voltage Applications II-29STMicroelectronics Unveils Silicon Surge Protectors II-30INPRO and WACKER Unveil Silicone Adhesive II-30ON Semiconductor Launches PureEdge Product Range II-30Silicon-Germanium Semiconducting Nanowires Unveiled by IBM andUCLA Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science II-30DuPont Photovoltaic Solutions and Silicon Energy Unveil Glass-Glass Solar PV Modules II-31

7. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY II-32GCL-Poly Energy Holdings Acquires Xuzhou Renewable Energy andSichuan Silicon II-32Thaba Chueu Mining Takes Over SamQuarz II-32Globe Specialty Metals Acquires Stake in Timminco's QuebecSilicon II-32Synopsys Inks a Takeover and Merger Agreement with MagmaDesign Automation II-33Enpirion Enters into Partnership with JiangyinChangdianAdvanced Packaging II-33WACKER Enters into Partnership with Siliconas Silam II-33Safran and GE Enter into Joint Venture with Nippon Carbon II-33OM Holdings Inks Power Sub-station Contract and Off-TakeAgreement with PESTECH II-34OM Materials Sdn Bhd Inks Agreement with Hanwa II-34OM Materials and Syarikat Sesco Bhd Ink Power Purchase Agreement II-34SINTEF Materials & Chemistry Inks Supply Agreement with ECN II-34Kotura Inks Distribution Agreement with Nissho Electronics II-35Dow Corning Enters into a Purchase Deal with AIXTRON SE II-35Ceradyne to Purchase Minority Stake in GMSI II-35WACKER Upgrades and Expands Polymer/Silicon Business in Korea II-35REC to Inaugurate Silicon Technologies Applications andResearch Center II-36Tokuyama Commences Phase 2 Construction of PolycrystallineSilicon Facility II-36WACKER Strengthens Partnership with Silicones Compounder TSF II-36WACKER Chemie Commences Operations at Nunchritz ProductionFacility II-37SKP Group to Invest for Expanding Capacity II-37Cabot and China National Bluestar Partner to Expand FumedSilica Project in China II-37Timminco Bankrupt, Files for Protection II-37Optima Group Takes Over CC Metals & Alloys II-37Globe Takes Over Alden II-38Optima Group Takes Over CC Metals and Alloys II-38China Magnesium to Take Over Ningxia Tianjing TiandaMetallurgical Smelting II-38Mascotte Holdings to Acquire Stake in Sun Materials II-39Molex Takes Over Luxtera's Active Optical Cable Business II-39FerroAtlantica Takes Over Mangshi Sinice Silicon II-39WACKER Extends Partnership Deal with Penta 91 II-39WACKER Collaborates with Dow Corning To Establish PyrogenicSilica Facility II-40Tokuyama to Boost Polycrystalline Silicon Production II-40Globe to Set up Silicon Metal Plant II-41Elkem to Temporarily Stop Silicon Production at Three Furnaces II-41WACKER Inks Divestiture Deal with Rhein Chemie II-41WACKER Commissions SILMIX® Plant in India II-41WACKER Operates New Silicone-Polymer Production Facilities II-42WACKER Enlarges Polymer and Silicone Products DistributionNetwork in North Africa II-42WACKER Builds Integrated Polysilicon Manufacturing Site inCleveland II-42Bluestar Takes Over Elkem II-43

8. CORPORATE ACTIVITY IN RECENT PAST - A PERSPECTIVE BUILDER II-44Globe Specialty Metals Takes Over Core Metals II-44Ferrotec ( USA) Takes Over SiFusion™ Technology from IntegratedMaterials II-44AMG Advanced Metallurgical Group Acquires BP SolarInternational's Mono2TM II-44Indosolar Signs Agreement with GCL-Poly II-45Micross Components Enters into Partnership with SemiSouthLaboratories II-45JinkoSolar Holding Inks Agreement with Innovalight II-45GLOBALFOUNDARIES Unites with Chartered SemiconductorManufacturing II-46MEMC Electronic Materials Completes Acquisition of Solaicx II-46Wacker Chemie Acquires Silicon Metal Production Facility fromFESIL Group II-46WACKER Consolidates Pyrogenic Silica Production II-47Calisolar Acquires 6N Silicon II-47Roth & Rau to Acquire OTB Solar II-47Timminco to Expand Silicon Metal Capacity II-47Globe Specialty Metals Restarts Operations at Selma Facility II-48eSilicon Corporation to Purchase Silicon Design Solutions II-48Oswal Smelters to Set Up Ferro Silicon Facility II-48Anik Industries to Invest in Power and Ferroalloy Facilities II-48SKC Solmics to Expand Silicon Wafers Production Base II-48Microchip Technology Snaps Up Silicon Storage Technology II-49GLOBALFOUNDRIES and Chartered Semiconductor Manufacturing Merge II-49Sunfilm and Sontor Merge to Form Sunfilm AG II-49Dow Corning Takes Over US Silicon Metal Manufacturing Assetsof Globe Specialty Metals II-49Suntech Power Takes Over Minority Interest in Asia Silicon II-50Nippon Mining to Shift its Polycrystalline Silicon and DivestStake in Japan Solar Silicon II-50RASTRIYA Ispat Nigam and Manganese Ore India Enter Into JointVenture II-50Wacker Scott Solar Commissions New Facility at Jena II-50Taraz Metallurgical Plant to Expand Capacity II-50Innovalight and Roth & Rau Installs Silicon-Based Solar Cell Line II-51Dow Corning Acquires Operations of Globe Specialty Metals II-51Bihar Foundry & Castings Upgrades Ferro Silicon Unit II-51Timminco Limited to Restart Electric Arc Furnace at BecancourSilicon Units II-51Jiangxi Blue Star Chemical Work Expands Silicone Monomer Facility II-51Tokuyama to Establish Facility in Malaysia II-51Tanushree Ispat Private to Establish Ferro Alloys Facility II-52Dongli Real Estate Group to Set Up Polycrystalline SiliconFacility II-52Gasgen Ferro Alloys to Establish Ferro Silicon Facility II-52

9. FOCUS ON SELECT GLOBAL PLAYERS II-53AMG Advanced Metallurgical Group N.V. ( The Netherlands) II-53 China National BlueStar (Group) Co, Ltd. (China) II-53BlueStar Silicon Materials Co Ltd (China) II-54Elkem AS ( Norway) II-54Dow Corning Corporation (US) II-54Evonik Industries AG ( Germany) II-55Ferroatlantica Group S.A ( Spain) II-55FerroPem Foundry Products ( France) II-55Fesil ASA ( Norway) II-56Globe Specialty Metals (US) II-56Globe Metallurgical Inc (US) II-56Hemlock Semiconductor Corporation (US) II-56MEMC Electronic Materials, Inc. (US) II-57Mitsubishi Materials Corporation ( Japan) II-57Mitsubishi Polysilicon America Corporation (US) II-57 OSAKA Titanium Technologies Co., Ltd. ( Japan) II-58Renewable Energy Corporation ASA ( Norway) II-58RIMA Industrial S/A ( Brazil) II-58Simcoa (Silicon Metal Company of Australia) Operations PtyLtd. ( Australia) II-59Shin-Etsu Chemical Co. Ltd. ( Japan) II-59Sinosteel Zunyi Ferroalloy Co., Ltd. (China) II-59Sumco Corporation ( Japan) II-59Sumco Techxiv Corporation ( Japan) II-60Tokuyama Corporation ( Japan) II-60VBC Ferro Alloys Ltd. ( India) II-60Wacker Chemie AG ( Germany) II-61

10. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE II-62Table 8: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis forSilicon and Ferro Silicon by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East andLatin American Markets Independently Analyzed with AnnualConsumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2010 through2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-62

Table 9: World Historic Review for Silicon and Ferro Siliconby Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific(excluding Japan), Middle East and Latin American MarketsIndependently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures inThousand Tons for Years 2004 through 2009 (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-63

Table 10: World 15-Year Perspective for Silicon and FerroSilicon by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of VolumeConsumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific(excluding Japan), Middle East and Latin American Markets forYears 2004, 2011 and 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-64

Table 11: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis forSilicon by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Latin AmericanMarkets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figuresin Thousand Tons for Years 2010 through 2018 (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-65

Table 12: World Historic Review for Silicon by GeographicRegion - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Latin American Markets IndependentlyAnalyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons forYears 2004 through 2009 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-66

Table 13: World 15-Year Perspective for Silicon by GeographicRegion - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), MiddleEast and Latin American Markets for Years 2004, 2011 and 2018(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-67

Table 14: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis forSilicon in Metallurgy by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East andLatin American Markets Independently Analyzed with AnnualConsumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2010 through2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-68

Table 15: World Historic Review for Silicon in Metallurgy byGeographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific(excluding Japan), Middle East and Latin American MarketsIndependently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures inThousand Tons for Years 2004 through 2009 (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-69

Table 16: World 15-Year Perspective for Silicon in Metallurgyby Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of VolumeConsumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific(excluding Japan), Middle East and Latin American Markets forYears 2004, 2011 and 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-70

Table 17: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis forSilicon in Chemicals by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and LatinAmerican Markets Independently Analyzed with AnnualConsumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2010 through2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-71

Table 18: World Historic Review for Silicon in Chemicals byGeographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific(excluding Japan), Middle East and Latin American MarketsIndependently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures inThousand Tons for Years 2004 through 2009 (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-72

Table 19: World 15-Year Perspective for Silicon in Chemicalsby Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of VolumeConsumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific(excluding Japan), Middle East and Latin American Markets forYears 2004, 2011 and 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-73

Table 20: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis forSilicon in Semiconductors by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East andLatin American Markets Independently Analyzed with AnnualConsumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2010 through2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-74

Table 21: World Historic Review for Silicon in Semiconductorsby Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific(excluding Japan), Middle East and Latin American MarketsIndependently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures inThousand Tons for Years 2004 through 2009 (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-75

Table 22: World 15-Year Perspective for Silicon inSemiconductors by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown ofVolume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific(excluding Japan), Middle East and Latin American Markets forYears 2004, 2011 and 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-76

Table 23: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis forSilicon in Other Applications by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), MiddleEast and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed withAnnual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2010through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-77

Table 24: World Historic Review for Silicon in OtherApplications by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Latin AmericanMarkets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figuresin Thousand Tons for Years 2004 through 2009 (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-78

Table 25: World 15-Year Perspective for Silicon in OtherApplications by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown ofVolume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific(excluding Japan), Middle East and Latin American Markets forYears 2004, 2011 and 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-79

Table 26: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis forFerro Silicon by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and LatinAmerican Markets Independently Analyzed with AnnualConsumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2010 through2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-80

Table 27: World Historic Review for Ferro Silicon byGeographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific(excluding Japan), Middle East and Latin American MarketsIndependently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures inThousand Tons for Years 2004 through 2009 (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-81

Table 28: World 15-Year Perspective for Ferro Silicon byGeographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumptionfor US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Latin American Markets for Years 2004, 2011and 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-82

Table 29: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis forFerro Silicon in Ferrous Foundry by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), MiddleEast and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed withAnnual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2010through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-83

Table 30: World Historic Review for Ferro Silicon in FerrousFoundry by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Latin AmericanMarkets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figuresin Thousand Tons for Years 2004 through 2009 (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-84

Table 31: World 15-Year Perspective for Ferro Silicon inFerrous Foundry by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown ofVolume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific(excluding Japan), Middle East and Latin American Markets forYears 2004, 2011 and 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-85

Table 32: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis forConsumption of Ferro Silicon in Steel Industry by GeographicRegion - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific excluding Japan), Middle East and Latin American Markets IndependentlyAnalyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons forYears 2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-86

Table 33: World Historic Review for Ferro Silicon in SteelIndustry by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Latin AmericanMarkets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figuresin Thousand Tons for Years 2004 through 2009 (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-87

Table 34: World 15-Year Perspective for Ferro Silicon in SteelIndustry by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of VolumeConsumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific(excluding Japan), Middle East and Latin American Markets forYears 2004, 2011 and 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-88

Table 35: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis forConsumption of Ferro Silicon in Other Applications byGeographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific(excluding Japan), Middle East and Latin American MarketsIndependently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures inThousand Tons for Years 2010 through 2018 (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-89

Table 36: World Historic Review for Ferro Silicon in OtherApplications by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Latin AmericanMarkets Independently Analyzed with Annual Figures in ThousandTons for Years 2004 through 2009 (includes correspondingGraph/Chart) II-90

Table 37: World 15-Year Perspective for Ferro Silicon in OtherApplications by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown ofVolume Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific(excluding Japan), Middle East and Latin American Markets forYears 2004, 2011 and 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-91

III. MARKET1. THE UNITED STATES III-1A.Market Analysis III-1Current and Future Analysis III-1Silicon Market III-1Ferro Silicon Market III-1Market Overview III-1Conventional and Emerging Applications Fuel Growth III-1Table 38: US Ferro Silicon Production in '000 Metric Tons(2007-2009) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-2

Table 39: US Average Silicon and Ferro Silicon Prices forthe Years 2007 through 2011E (Cents per lb Si) (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) III-2Automotive Aluminum - A Key User of Silicon III-2Solar Energy Market III-3Import Statistics III-4Table 40: US Value Imports of Silicon (Not Less Than 99.99%Pure) in US$ '000 Ranked by Country of Origin for Years2010 & 2011 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-4

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