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Jobless Rate Falls as More Adults Quit Looking

NEW YORK (TheStreet) -- The economy added 146,000 jobs in November, up a bit from 138,000 in October. Unemployment fell to 7.7%, largely because 542,000 additional adults chose not to look for work.

Hurricane Sandy and business fears regarding the fiscal cliff contributed to the slow pace of jobs creation; however, the overall picture is worse than these headline figures reveal and will remain difficult until the policy fundamentals change.

In the weakest recovery since the Great Depression, most of the reduction in unemployment from its 10% peak in October 2009 has been accomplished through a significant drop in the percentage of adults working or looking for work. Were adult labor-force participation the same today, the unemployment rate would be 9.7%.

Adding more than 8 million part-time workers who can't find full-time work, the unemployment rate becomes 14.4%. It rose above 14% in the wake of the financial crisis and remains stuck there.

Convincing millions of Americans they don't want a job or compelling desperate workers to settle for part-time work has been the Obama administration's most effective jobs program.

Growth remains weak, as most of the pickup to 2.7% in the third quarter was attributable to inventory build and a temporary surge in exports. Consumer spending and business investment weakened, substantially and goods piled up warehouses -- either in the fourth quarter or early next year, inventories will be adjusted and growth will slow. Exports will slow as Europe's recession continues.

Going forward U.S. GDP growth could dip below 2%. A budget deal to avert the fiscal cliff that raises taxes and slices spending by $200 billion to 250 billion, immediately, could send the economy into a recession and unemployment to 10%.

The puzzle of reducing federal deficits to sustainable levels and accomplishing stronger growth and jobs creation, consistent with the underlying potential of the economy, remains difficult because the $500 billion trade deficit on oil and with China continue to drag on demand and a tighter regulatory climate makes businesses cautious about investing in the U.S.

The economy would have to add about 12.8 million jobs over the next three years -- about 356,000 each month -- to bring unemployment down to 6%. That would require GDP growth in the range of 4% to 5%.

Without better regulatory and trade policies, it is simply not possible to accelerate growth, create enough jobs and bring down federal deficits -- all at the same time.

This article is commentary by an independent contributor, separate from TheStreet's regular news coverage.

Professor Peter Morici, of the Robert H. Smith School of Business at the University of Maryland, is a recognized expert on economic policy and international economics. Prior to joining the university, he served as director of the Office of Economics at the U.S. International Trade Commission. He is the author of 18 books and monographs and has published widely in leading public policy and business journals, including the Harvard Business Review and Foreign Policy. Morici has lectured and offered executive programs at more than 100 institutions, including Columbia University, the Harvard Business School and Oxford University. His views are frequently featured on CNN, CBS, BBC, FOX, ABC, CNBC, NPR, NPB and national broadcast networks around the world.

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