NEW YORK ( TheStreet) -- As telecom giants AT&T (T - Get Report) and Verizon (VZ - Get Report) finish multi-billion dollar network upgrades in the fight for new Apple (AAPL - Get Report) iPhone and Google (GOOG)-Android subscribers, they've quietly seen a giant income tax windfall.
Now, Craig Moffet of Bernstein Research, the telecom sector's most consistently bearish analyst, says the tax windfall that stemmed from stimulus incentives in the wake of the financial crisis may reverse in coming years, hiting the cash coffers at AT&T and Verizon.
In a Monday note to clients, Moffett calculates that because of the federal government's stimulus program and an accelerated depreciation taxing policy that allowed companies to defer cash taxes using capital investments, telecom giants may soon see the subsidy reverse in coming years.
Over the past four years, AT&T has reported income taxes of $29.3 billion, paying a tax rate that averages 35%, while Verizon has reported tax expense of $11.4 billion, in the same period according to Moffett's calculations. As a percentage of profits, those rates seem nothing out of the order.However, Moffett calculates, AT&T has paid just $13.3 billion in income taxes out of its cash coffers, while Verizon's paid just $1.3 billion, adjusted for Vodafone's (VOD) minority stake in Verizon Wireless, as a result of accelerated depreciation policies enacted with the Obama administration's post-crisis stimulus plan. In actual cash taxes paid to the federal government, Moffett calculates AT&T's rate fell as low as 0% in 2011, as a percentage of pre-tax income less special items. Meanwhile, Verizon's actual income tax paid in 2011 was just 6%, and in the two years prior, Moffett calculates the company paid nothing at all. "Both have been efficient at taking advantage of bonus depreciation benefits under the Federal Stimulus plan to minimize cash taxes. Both also take advantage of a bevy of other tax subsidies and benefits," writes Moffett, in the note to clients. The analyst cites a report from the Citizens for Tax Justice and the Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy that ranked AT&T and Verizon second and third in their use of tax subsidies between 2008 and 2010. While AT&T saw a subsidy of $14.5 billion over those years and Verizon saw $12.3 billion in tax aid, only Wells Fargo (WFC - Get Report), the nation's largest mortgage underwriter saw a bigger benefit. Verizon's tax subsidy, the report says, was nearly 50% larger than General Electric (GE - Get Report) and IBM (IBM - Get Report), the fourth and fifth biggest users of federal tax. Unfortunately for AT&T, Verizon, Wells Fargo and the like, the government wasn't offering a full tax break. In fact, while the government allowed companies to count large capital investments against their end of year bill payable to the taxman in the wake of the crisis, the stimulus program's biggest tax recipients may spend coming years making up the difference.