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HP Turnaround Hits Autonomy Wall

NEW YORK ( TheStreet) -- Hewlett-Packard's (HPQ - Get Report) says it is the victim of an accounting fraud related to its $11.1 billion Aug. 2011 acquisition of British software giant Autonomy, a poor performing unit at the heart of turnaround efforts at the world's largest personal computer maker.

In earnings released before the opening bell on Tuesday, HP also recorded a $8.8 billion fourth quarter writedown of its Autonomy unit, erasing most of the software analytics unit's value to shareholders, and casting in doubt the company's efforts to remake itself into the mold IBM (IBM - Get Report).

"The majority of this impairment charge is linked to serious accounting improprieties, disclosure failures and outright misrepresentations at Autonomy Corporation plc that occurred prior to HP's acquisition of Autonomy and the associated impact of those improprieties, failures and misrepresentations on the expected future financial performance of the Autonomy business over the long-term," HP said in a statement released with earnings, that indicates $5 billion of the writedown is related to the alleged fraud.

The Palo Alto, Calif.,-based company also said it has referred the Autonomy fraud charges to Britain's Serious Fraud Office and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission for civil and criminal investigation. HP also said that fraud charges relate to Autonomy's recognition of revenue and that the company opened an investigation when an Autonomy executive came forward with the fraud.

The writedown and fraud charges couldn't come at a worse time. HP's fourth quarter earnings reflected weaker than expected revenue of $30 billion, and adjusted earnings per share of $1.16 came in slightly better than expected. Still, an alleged accounting fraud sent HP shares tumbling over 12% to new five-year lows below $12 a share in late afternoon trading.

HP's full year 2013 EPS guidance of $3.60 - $4.00 unveiled on Tuesday was in line with previous forecasts, according to Shaw We of Sterne Agee.

HP's slowing results and weak outlook match poor earnings from Dell (DELL - Get Report) earlier in November and underscore why turnaround bets hinge on software businesses like Autonomy.

Still, with HP now having spent its "last" mega-deal dollars on Autonomy, the acquisition is yet to propel the company into IBM (IBM - Get Report) and Accenture (ACN)-like territory of data and software services, as it tries to strategically reposition.

As TheStreet noted in August, HP was already bracing for the prospect of a writedown at Autonomy, after the unit's growth failed to impress and profit margins fell far below expectations.

In August, HP took a $8 billion writedown related to its $13 billion-plus acquisition of business services and hardware giant EDS in 2008, and indicated billions more in M&A related charges could by year-end. Overall in 2012, HP has taken over $18 billion in writedowns, but the company still holds $35.6 billion of goodwill on its balance sheet.

HP's chief executive said on an earnings call and in media interviews that she regretted completing the Autonomy transaction, and the executives involved in the fraud have left the company. She also indicated that the fraud had gone undetected to Autonomy's auditor Deloitte and to HP's advisers on the acquisition, Barclays, Perella Weinberg and KPMG.

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