Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses were 4.7% and 5.0% of total sales for the third quarter 2012 and for the first nine months of 2012, respectively, compared to 5.5% and 5.6% of total sales for the same periods in 2011, respectively. Exclusive of a $3.0 million non-cash charge related to equity-based compensation expense associated with the acceleration of certain equity-based awards in the second quarter 2012, SG&A expenses were 4.8% of total sales and reflect effective cost control for the first nine months of 2012 and resulted in improved operating income.
Net income for the third quarter 2012 was $10.4 million compared to net income of $2.4 million in the third quarter 2011. Earnings per basic and diluted share for the third quarter 2012 were $0.22 and $0.21, respectively.
Net income for the first nine months of 2012 was $0.7 million compared to a net loss of $(4.0) million for the first nine months of 2011. Excluding the $15.1 million (net of tax of $1.9 million) loss on prepayment of debt related to the Company's initial public offering and the $3.0 million equity-based compensation charges (net of tax of $0) previously discussed, net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 would have been $18.8 million.
Adjusted EBITDA (as defined and calculated in the attached table), a non-GAAP financial measure used by Edgen Group to evaluate the performance of the business, was $39.8 million, or a 17% increase, for the third quarter 2012 compared to $33.9 million for the third quarter 2011. Adjusted EBITDA increased $17.9 million, or 19%, to $110.4 million for the first nine months of 2012 compared to $92.5 million for the first nine months of 2011. At September 30, 2012, the Company's trailing twelve month adjusted EBITDA was $142.6 million.Dan O'Leary, the Company's Chairman and Chief Executive Officer stated, “We believe our sales growth and operating results in the third quarter 2012 represent our ability to adapt and capture customer spending. In our E&I segment, we saw higher sales volumes in the U.S. midstream energy market and increased offshore upstream sales in the Asia/Pacific region.” Mr. O'Leary continued, “At the same time, our OCTG segment sales increased through market share gains and improved sales product mix from rigs operating primarily in U.S. liquid-rich shale formations which require specialized alloy products.”