Fluctuations in Hardinge’s sales in total and among geographic locations and industries can vary from quarter-to-quarter based on the timing and magnitude of orders and projects. Hardinge does not believe that such quarter-to-quarter fluctuations are necessarily indicative of larger business trends. Rather, the Company believes that such business trends can be discerned from the Company’s performance during a longer period of time, such as a trailing twelve-month period.
Gross profit was $24.0 million, or 29.0% of sales, in the 2012 third quarter compared with $25.5 million, or 28.3% of sales, in the same period of the prior year, and gross profit of $24.0 million, or 27.8% of sales, in the trailing second quarter of 2012. Changes in gross profit when compared with the prior-year period were primarily the result of the lower sales volume this year.
Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses in the 2012 third quarter were down by $0.3 million to $18.6 million, or 22.4% of sales, in the 2012 third quarter compared with $18.9 million, or 21.0% of sales, in the prior year’s third quarter. Compared with the trailing second quarter of 2012, SG&A as a percent of sales increased by 0.3 points primarily due to costs associated with participating in the 2012 International Manufacturing Technology Show.
Income from operations in the third quarter of 2012 was $5.3 million, down 16% from $6.3 million during the prior year’s third quarter. As a percentage of sales, income from operations was 6.4%, a 0.6 point decrease over the same period of the prior year. Operating margin improved 0.8 points over the trailing second quarter.
Year to Date 2012 review
For the nine-month period ended September 30, 2012, net sales were $243.9 million, down by $6.7 million or 3% from the corresponding period in 2011
Foreign currency translation negatively impacted sales in the first nine months of 2012 by approximately $4.8 million when compared with the prior-year period. Gross profit for the first nine months of 2012 improved $1.3 million to $69.3 million when compared to the same period in the prior year. As a percentage of sales, gross profit margin expanded 1.30 points which was primarily due to more favorable pricing and product mix compared with the prior-year period. Selling, general and administrative expense for the first nine months was up $0.7 million, or 1%, to $55.3
Income from operations was $13.5 million in the first nine months of 2012, up 5% over the prior-year period. Operating margin expanded 0.4 points to 5.6% for the first nine months of 2012. Net income was up 16% to $10.1 million for the first nine months of 2012 compared with $8.7 million for the first nine months of 2011. Earnings per diluted share grew 15% to $0.86 in the first nine months of 2012 from $0.75 for the same period last year.