Operating income was $1.4 million in the third quarter of 2012, compared to an operating loss of $0.6 million in the prior year period. The change primarily reflects the $1.5 million increase in net product revenues and $0.2 million increase in royalty revenues, coupled with the $0.4 million decrease in operating expenses, in the third quarter of 2012.
Other income and expense aggregated to a net loss of $1.0 million for the third quarter of 2012, compared to net income of $5.0 million in the third quarter of 2011, primarily reflecting the recognition of the $1.1 million change in the fair value of the warrants issued in conjunction with the October 2009 stock issuance resulting from the increase in Columbia's stock price from June 30, 2012 to September 30, 2012.
As a result, the Company reported net income of $0.4 million, or $0.00 per basic and diluted share, compared to net income of $4.4 million, or $0.05 per basic and $(0.01) per diluted share, for the third quarter of 2011.
At September 30, 2012, Columbia had cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments of $25.6 million, compared to cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments of $23.0 million at June 30, 2012, and $25.1 million at December 31, 2011. The Company believes its cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments will sustain its operations for the foreseeable future.On October 26, 2012, it was confirmed that the FDA has denied Watson's Formal Dispute Resolution Request (FDRR) related to its New Drug Application (NDA 22-139) for PROCHIEVE for the prevention of preterm birth in women with a short cervical length. Watson filed its FDRR in August of 2012. Financial Outlook Columbia has streamlined the organization to operate as cash flow neutral-to-positive. The Company is currently evaluating potential strategic transactions to add value for its stockholders. Any significant expenses resulting from pursuing a possible strategic transaction could affect cash flow in the quarters incurred.