Other Key Terms
“ Assets under management” or “ AUM” refers to the assets managed by Carlyle. AUM equals the sum of the following:
(a) the fair value of the capital invested in Carlyle carry funds, co-investment vehicles and fund of funds vehicles plus the capital that Carlyle is entitled to call from investors in those funds and vehicles (including Carlyle commitments to those funds and vehicles and those of senior Carlyle professionals and employees) pursuant to the terms of their capital commitments to those funds and vehicles;
(b) the amount of aggregate collateral balance at par of Carlyle’s collateralized loan obligations (“CLOs“) and the reference portfolio notional amount of Carlyle’s synthetic collateralized loan obligations (“synthetic CLOs“); and(c) the net asset value (pre-redemptions and subscriptions) of Carlyle’s long/short credit, emerging markets, multi-product macroeconomic and other hedge funds and certain structured credit funds. AUM includes certain energy and renewable resources funds that Carlyle jointly advises with Riverstone Investment Group L.L.C. (“Riverstone”). In addition, Carlyle’s calculation of AUM (but not fee-earning AUM) includes uncalled commitments to, and the fair value of invested capital in, investment funds from Carlyle and its personnel, regardless of whether such commitments or invested capital are subject to fees. “ Available capital,” commonly known as “dry powder,” for Carlyle’s carry funds refers to the amount of capital commitments available to be called for investments. Amounts previously called may be added back to available capital following certain distributions. “ Carlyle funds,” “ our funds” and “ our investment funds” refer to the investment funds and vehicles advised by Carlyle. “ Carry funds” refers to those investment funds that Carlyle advises, including the buyout funds, growth capital funds, real asset funds and distressed debt and mezzanine funds (but excluding Carlyle’s structured credit funds, hedge funds and fund of funds vehicles), where Carlyle receives a special residual allocation of income, which is referred to as a “carried interest,” in the event that specified investment returns are achieved by the fund. “ Expired available capital” occurs when a fund has passed the investment and follow-on periods and can no longer invest capital into new or existing deals. Any remaining available capital, typically a result of either recycled distributions or specific reserves established for the follow-on period that are not drawn, can only be called for fees and expenses and is therefore removed from the total AUM calculation. “ Fee-earning assets under management” or “ Fee-earning AUM” refers to the assets managed by Carlyle from which Carlyle derives recurring fund management fees. Fee-earning AUM generally equals the sum of: (a) for carry funds and certain co-investment vehicles where the investment period has not expired, the amount of limited partner capital commitments and for fund of funds vehicles, the amount of external investor capital commitments during the commitment period;
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