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Nov. 5, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -
YM BioSciences Inc. (NYSE MKT: YMI, TSX: YM), a drug development company advancing hematology and cancer related products, today reported interim results from the Phase I/II study of CYT387, a JAK1/JAK2 inhibitor currently being evaluated for the treatment of myelofibrosis, which were included in an abstract submitted to the American Society of Hematology in
August 2012. Updated results will be presented in an Oral Session at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology to be held in
Atlanta, Georgia on
December 9, 2012.
"Treatment with CYT387 provides sustained transfusion independence in a substantial number of patients with myelofibrosis. In addition, many patients experience rapid, meaningful and durable reductions of splenomegaly and improvements of constitutional symptoms. CYT387 has also proven safe for patients and well-tolerated, even with prolonged administration of more than two and a half years," said
Mark Kowalski, M.D., Ph.D., Chief Medical Officer and Vice President, Regulatory Affairs at YM BioSciences. "We look forward to expanding on these results at ASH when we report final nine-month data from this trial."
The CYT387 Phase I/II study enrolled 166 patients across six study sites. At the time the ASH abstract was submitted, the median duration of follow-up was 16.1 months (ongoing) with a range of 0.7 to 31.0 months (ongoing).
Durable transfusion independence responses were observed in more than half of the RBC transfusion dependent subjects with a maximal transfusion-free period exceeding two years and ongoing. In addition, the percentage of all subjects requiring RBC transfusions substantially decreased over the treatment period.
Treatment with CYT387 resulted in rapid and sustained reductions in splenomegaly with a maximal response duration approaching two years.
The majority of subjects reporting constitutional symptoms at baseline experienced complete resolution or marked improvement by six months with measurable improvement within the first month of therapy.
Higher transfusion independence and spleen response rates were seen in the 300mg dose group compared to the 150mg QD or 150mg BID dose groups.
While 90% of subjects reported at least one treatment-related AE, the majority were reported as Grade 1.
For the first 60 consecutively enrolled subjects for whom the most mature data is available, the median follow-up period was 21.5 months (ongoing) with a range of 2.9 to 31.0 months (ongoing).
The anemia and spleen response rates in these subjects, per IWG-MRT (International Working Group for Myeloproliferative Neoplasms Research and Treatment), were 59% and 48%, respectively.
Among 33 of these subjects who were RBC transfusion dependent by IWG-MRT criteria, 70% achieved a minimum 12-week period without transfusions, with a maximal transfusion-free period of greater than two years and ongoing.
ASH Oral Session:
Title: Phase I/II Study of CYT387, a JAK1/JAK2 Inhibitor for the Treatment of Myelofibrosis Session Name: 634. Myeloproliferative Syndromes - Clinical: Myeloproliferative Neoplasms - Novel Therapies I Session Date:
Sunday, December 9, 2012;
4:30 PM - 6:00 PM (Presentation Time:
5:15 PM) Location: Georgia World Congress Center, Room B213-B214
CYT387 is an orally administered inhibitor of both the JAK1 and JAK2 kinases, which have been implicated in a family of hematological conditions known as myeloproliferative neoplasms, including myelofibrosis, and as well in numerous other disorders including indications in hematology, oncology and inflammatory diseases. Myelofibrosis is a chronic debilitating disease in which a patient's bone marrow is replaced by scar tissue and for which treatment options are limited or unsatisfactory. Both the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Commission have designated CYT387 an Orphan Drug for the treatment of myelofibrosis.