As Hurricane Sandy approached the east coast, a number of newspapers in the region invited readers to post pictures of their personal experiences. Many were heartbreaking: trees across cars, branches that had crashed through roofs into bedrooms, and appalling flood damage. Luckily, most of what we saw was probably covered by insurance, although some policyholders may be disappointed when they come to make claims.
In particular, according to The Washington Post of Oct. 29, many householders may be in for a shock when they try to claim for flood damage. That's because few standard homeowner policies cover those risks. If you haven't paid extra for flood coverage, you could be looking at paying to repair the damage and replace ruined possessions yourself. And that could be expensive: The Post reports that claims for flood damage between 2007 and 2011 averaged $30,000.
Credit cards are one way forward
Some people have set aside money for emergencies in -- in this case aptly named -- rainy day funds. But few are likely to contain $30,000, so it's almost inevitable that many on the east coast are going to be borrowing to bridge some wide gaps.
If you're lucky, you may be covered by federal disaster assistance, but be warned: that only applies if the President declares an emergency for your area, and even then the money you receive is a loan that has to be repaid -- with interest. FEMA gives an example: "For a $50,000 loan at 4 percent interest, your monthly payment would be around $240 a month ($2,880 a year) for 30 years."
That's a pretty good rate, and you might struggle to beat the deal even with a mortgage refinancing once you've taken closing costs into account. Other low-rate options, perhaps for smaller amounts, might include:
- A home equity line of credit or personal loan from your bank.
- Borrowing from relatives and friends who have the means to help.
- Applying to a peer-to-peer lender such as Prosper or Lending Club.
- Using your credit cards.
Using your credit cards smartly
Obviously, your primary objective is to pay as little interest as possible, which may make plastic your least desirable option. IndexCreditCards.com reckons that, on the day Hurricane Sandy hit the continental United States, consumer
credit card rates
averaged 15.15 percent for non-rewards cards, and 17.64 percent for
rewards credit cards
However, you may have no alternative other than to use plastic to purchase some replacement possessions and to fund some repairs. If that's the case, don't be dazzled by rewards. Almost always, whatever you earn in cash back, points or miles is going to be eaten up quickly by higher interest rates.