Restructuring Charges. Glu undertook restructuring activities in the first, second and fourth quarters of 2011 and the second and third quarters of 2012 and recorded (1) a non-cash restructuring charge due to vacating a portion of its offices in Russia (2) cash restructuring charges due to the termination of certain employees in its Brazil, China, Europe, Russia and U.S. offices and (3) non-cash adjustments related to initial, estimated restructuring payments no longer deemed payable. Glu recorded the severance costs as an operating expense when it communicated the benefit arrangement to the employee and no significant future services, other than a minimum retention period, were required of the employee to earn the termination benefits. Glu believes that these restructuring charges do not reflect its ongoing operations and that investors benefit from a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that excludes these charges.
Change in Fair Value of Blammo Earnout. As part of the acquisition of Blammo, Glu committed to issue additional consideration in the form of Glu’s common stock to the former, non-employee Blammo shareholders if certain revenue targets are achieved. Glu recorded the estimated contingent consideration liability at acquisition and will adjust the fair value of the liability each reporting period. When analyzing the operating performance of an acquired entity, Glu’s management focuses on the total return provided by the investment (i.e., operating profit generated from the acquired entity as compared to the purchase price paid including the final amounts paid for contingent consideration) without taking into consideration any expenses recognized post-acquisition related to the change in fair value of the contingent consideration. Because the final purchase price paid for an acquisition necessarily reflects the accounting value assigned to both the consideration, including the contingent consideration, paid and to the intangible assets (including goodwill) acquired, when analyzing the operating performance of an acquisition in subsequent periods, the Company’s management excludes the GAAP impact of any adjustments to the fair value of these acquisition-related balances to its financial results. Glu believes that the fair value adjustments affect comparability from period to period and that investors benefit from a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that excludes these charges.
Transitional Costs. GAAP requires expenses to be recognized for various types of events associated with a business acquisition such as legal, accounting and other deal related expenses. Additionally, Glu has incurred various costs related to the transition and integration of Blammo, GameSpy and Griptonite into Glu’s operations. Glu recorded these non-recurring acquisition and transitional costs as operating expenses when they were incurred. Glu believes that these acquisition and transitional costs affect comparability from period to period and that investors benefit from a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that excludes these expenses.
Impairment of Goodwill. In accordance with ASC 350 “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets” Glu performs its annual goodwill impairment test as of September 30. Glu recorded a goodwill impairment charge in the third quarter of 2012 as the fair value of one of its three reporting units was determined to be below its carrying value. As this impairment is non-recurring, Glu believes it does not reflect the Company’s ongoing operations and that investors benefit from a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that excludes this impairment, enabling them to compare the Company’s core operating results in different periods without this variability.Release of tax liabilities. In the second quarter of 2012, Glu recorded a one-time, non-cash income tax benefit related to the release of certain foreign income tax liabilities upon the expiration of the statute of limitations. Glu believes that this one-time tax benefit does not reflect its ongoing operations and that investors benefit from a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that excludes this benefit. Foreign currency exchange gains and losses. Foreign currency exchange gains and losses represent the net gain or loss that Glu has recorded for the impact of currency exchange rate movements on cash and other assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies related to the revaluation of assets and liabilities. Accordingly, foreign currency exchange gains and losses are generally unpredictable and can cause Glu’s reported results to vary significantly. Due to the unusual magnitude of these gains and losses, and the fact that Glu has not engaged in hedging or taken other actions to reduce the likelihood of incurring a sizeable net gain or loss in future periods, Glu began, with the quarter ended December 31, 2008, to present non-GAAP net loss and net loss per share excluding foreign exchange gains and losses for comparability purposes. Glu believes that these gains and losses do not reflect its ongoing operations and that investors benefit from a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that excludes these items, enabling investors to compare Glu’s core operating results in different periods without this variability. Foreign exchange gains/(losses) recognized during 2011 and 2012 were as follows (in thousands):
|March 31, 2011||$||198|
|June 30, 2011||363|
|September 30, 2011||344|
|December 31, 2011||(116||)|
|March 31, 2012||$||(373||)|
|June 30, 2012||$||205|
|September 30, 2012||$||(460||)|