Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
The Company’s refining and marketing business generated a profit from continuing operations of $42.8 million in the third quarter 2012 compared to a profit of $68.9 million in the 2011 third quarter. As previously noted, the Company sold two U.S. refineries and certain associated marketing terminals in 2011 and has reported these as discontinued operations. Those results are excluded from the Downstream results from continuing operations above. Continuing operations for the U.S. Downstream segment now includes the retail marketing business, two ethanol production facilities and wholesale marketing and trading operations retained after the sale of U.S. refining operations. On October 16, 2012, the Company announced a plan to separate its U.S. Downstream business into an independent company in 2013.
U.S. Downstream continuing operations generated a profit of $17.3 million in the third quarter of 2012 compared to a profit of $88.0 million in the 2011 quarter. The earnings decline for this business in 2012 was principally a result of weaker margins for both retail marketing and ethanol production operations compared to the prior year. U.S. retail marketing margins averaged 10.3 cents per gallon in the 2012 quarter compared to 20.0 cents per gallon in the 2011 quarter. Wholesale gasoline prices rose significantly in the third quarter 2012 and the retail marketing operation was unable to fully pass on this cost increase to its retail customers. The operating results at the two U.S. ethanol production facilities in 2012 were significantly weaker than the prior year due to crush spreads that were squeezed by high corn prices in the just completed quarter. The U.K. Downstream operations benefited from much stronger refining margins in the 2012 quarter compared to the prior year, as this business generated income of $25.5 million in the 2012 quarter compared to a loss of $19.1 million in the 2011 quarter. Unit margins in the U.K. in the 2012 quarter were more than $5.00 per barrel better than the prior year.
|Three Mos. Ended||Nine Mos. Ended|
|September 30||September 30|
|U.S. Retail Fuel Margins – Per gallon||$||0.103||0.200||0.125||0.165|
|U.S. Retail Merchandise Sales – Per store month||$||159,424||164,953||157,004||158,385|
|U.K. Refinery Inputs – Bbls. per day||132,932||138,041||132,282||134,346|
|U.K. R&M Unit Margins – Per Bbl.||$||3.44||(1.66||)||1.85||(1.37||)|
|Total Petroleum and Other Product Sales – Bbls. per day*||471,119||594,619||468,416||586,928|
|*Includes 170,609 bbls. per day in the 2011 three-month period and 163,597 bbls. per day in the 2011 nine-month period related to discontinued operations.|
CorporateThe Corporate function incurred net costs of $35.0 million in the third quarter of 2012, significantly unfavorable to the net benefit of $5.0 million in the 2011 third quarter. The unfavorable variance in 2012 was primarily related to after-tax losses of $12.6 million in the current quarter for transactions denominated in foreign currencies. The 2011 quarter included an after-tax benefit of $28.3 million from foreign currency transactions. The foreign currency charge in the current year was primarily attributable to a strengthening of the Malaysian ringgit against the U.S. dollar, which led to increased costs in U.S. dollar terms for income tax liabilities that are to be paid in the local currency. The Malaysian ringgit weakened against the U.S. dollar in the 2011 third quarter, which lowered income tax liabilities in U.S. dollar terms in the prior year. The 2012 quarter had lower net interest expense compared to the prior year quarter, primarily associated with less interest expense incurred coupled with higher amounts of interest capitalized to oil development projects. Administrative costs were also higher in 2012 than 2011, with the increase primarily related to additional costs for employee compensation.
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