We believe that the presentation of non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP earnings per diluted share provides important supplemental information regarding non-cash expenses, significant recurring and non-recurring items that we believe are important to understanding our financial and business trends relating to our financial condition and results of operations. Non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP earnings per diluted share are among the primary indicators used by management as a basis for planning and forecasting future periods and by management and our board of directors to determine whether our operating performance has met specified targets and thresholds. Management uses non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP earnings per diluted share when evaluating operating performance because it believes that the exclusion of the items described below, for which the amounts and/or timing may vary significantly depending upon the Company's activities and other factors, facilitates comparability of the Company's operating performance from period to period. We have chosen to provide this information to investors so they can analyze our operating results in the same way that management does and use this information in their assessment of our business and the valuation of our Company.
Use and Economic Substance of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
We compute non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP earnings per diluted share by adjusting GAAP net income and GAAP earnings per diluted share to remove the impact of recurring amortization of acquisition-related intangibles and stock-based compensation expense, as well as restructuring-related and non-recurring charges and gains and the tax effect of these adjustments. Such non-recurring charges and gains include acquisition-related transaction costs and the costs to integrate such acquisitions into our business, sale of a non-strategic minority investment in a privately held company, and changes in fair value of contingent consideration.
These excluded items are described below:
- Recurring charges and gains, include:
- Amortization of acquisition-related intangibles. Intangible assets acquired to date are being amortized on a straight-line basis. Post-acquisition non-competition agreements are amortized over their term.
- Stock-based compensation expense recognized in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC"), Topic 718, Stock Compensation.
- Non-recurring charges and gains consist of:
- Restructuring and other charges.
-- Restructuring charges incurred as we reduced the number and size of our facilities and the size of our workforce.
-- Acquisition-related executive deferred compensation costs, which are dependent on the continuing employment of a former shareholder, which are being amortized on a straight-line basis.
-- Expenses incurred to integrate businesses acquired during the periods reported.
- Acquisition-related transaction costs associated with businesses acquired during the periods reported and anticipated transactions.
- Change in fair value of contingent consideration. Our management determined that we should analyze the total return provided by the investment when evaluating operating results of an acquired entity. The total return consists of operating profit generated from the acquired entity compared to the purchase price paid, including the final amounts paid for contingent consideration without considering any post-acquisition adjustments related to the change in the fair value of the contingent consideration. Because management believes the final purchase price paid for the acquisition reflects the accounting value assigned to both contingent consideration and to the intangible assets, we exclude the GAAP impact of any adjustments to the fair value of acquisition-related contingent consideration from the operating results of an acquisition in subsequent periods. We believe this approach is useful in understanding the long-term return provided by an acquisition and that investors benefit from a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that excludes the impact of this adjustment.
- Gain on sale of minority investment in a privately held company. Other investments, included within other assets, consist of equity and debt investments in privately-held companies that develop products, markets, and services that are considered to be strategic to us. Each of these investments had been fully impaired in prior years. On September 1, 2011, we sold one of these investments for $2.9 million because it was no longer considered to be strategic.
- During the third quarter of 2012, we incurred a $0.5 million charge in settlement of a dispute with the lessor of a facility in the U.K. which was partially offset by the receipt, during the second quarter of 2012, of an additional $0.3 million in insurance proceeds, net of legal fees and costs, related to our previously disclosed settlement of the shareholder derivative litigation concerning our historical stock option granting practices.
- Tax effect of non-GAAP adjustments.
Usefulness of Non-GAAP Financial Information to Investors These non-GAAP measures are not in accordance with or an alternative to GAAP and may be materially different from other non-GAAP measures, including similarly titled non-GAAP measures, used by other companies. The presentation of this additional information should not be considered in isolation from, as a substitute for, or superior to, net income or earnings per diluted share prepared in accordance with GAAP. Non-GAAP financial measures have limitations as they do not reflect certain items that may have a material impact upon our reported financial results. We expect to continue to incur expenses of a nature similar to the non-GAAP adjustments described above, and exclusion of these items from our non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP earnings per diluted share should not be construed as an inference that these costs are unusual, infrequent, or non-recurring.
- After excluding the items described above, we apply the principles of ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes, to estimate the non-GAAP income tax provision in each jurisdiction in which we operate. The expected annual non-GAAP income tax rate includes achieving certain operational efficiencies related to our foreign operations that will be implemented prior to December 31, 2012.
- We have excluded interest accrued on prior year tax reserves of $0.1 and $0.3 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, respectively, and $0.1 and $0.4 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011, respectively, as well as other tax benefits of $0.4 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011.
- We have excluded the recognition of previously unrecognized tax benefits of $9.7 million from our non-GAAP net income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 to facilitate comparability of our operating performance between the periods. These tax benefits primarily resulted from the release of previously unrecognized tax benefits resulting from the expiration of U.S. federal statutes of limitations.
CONTACT: Vincent Pilette Chief Financial Officer EFI 650-357-3500 Investor Relations: JoAnn Horne Market Street Partners 415-445-3235