In July, Congress passed the federal transportation bill which requires the U.S. Department of Transportation (“DOT”) to promulgate rules and regulations mandating the use of electronic on-board recorders (“EOBRs”) by July 2013 with full adoption for all trucking companies by no later than July 2015. We are the recognized industry leader for electronic logging of driver hours as we proactively adopted a paperless log system in 1996 that was subsequently approved for our use by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (“FMCSA”) in 1998. We believe that as EOBRs become the industry standard and industry requirement, EOBR use will help to level the competitive field for transit times, driver recruiting, driver retention and rates.
The driver recruiting and retention market became more challenging in third quarter 2012 compared to second quarter 2012. Driver pay increases by our competitors, a slightly lower number of and increased competition for truck driving school graduates and an improved housing construction market were all factors. Driver pay increased 1.4 cents per total mile in third quarter 2012 compared to third quarter 2011 as we made certain pay adjustments over the last year to attract and retain drivers for specific fleets. While we are not immune to fluctuations in the driver market, we continue to believe we are in a better position in the current market than many competitors because approximately 70% of our driving jobs are in more attractive, shorter-haul Regional and Dedicated fleet operations that enable us to return these drivers to their homes on a more frequent and consistent basis.
Gains on sales of assets were $5.4 million in third quarter 2012 compared to $6.0 million in third quarter 2011 and $5.7 million in second quarter 2012. We sold fewer trucks and trailers in third quarter 2012 which resulted in slightly lower gains. We expect to sell fewer trucks and trailers in fourth quarter 2012 compared to fourth quarter 2011. Gains on sales are reflected as a reduction of Other Operating Expenses in our income statement.