Sept. 19, 2012
/PRNewswire/ -- The U.N. Capital Development Fund (UNCDF), U. S. Agency for International Development (USAID), The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Citi (NYSE: C), Ford Foundation, Omidyar Network, and Visa Inc. (NYSE: V) announced today the launch of the Better Than Cash Alliance. The new initiative will call on governments, the development community and the private sector to adopt the use of electronic payments for programs that support people living in poverty—and provide resources to those who commit to make the transition.
Already, the governments of
, along with development organizations USAID, the United Nations Development Programme, the World Food Programme, Mercy Corps, CARE
and Concern Worldwide, have committed to digitize their disbursements and payments to people living in poverty, thereby becoming eligible members for technical and financial support from the Better Than Cash Alliance.
"We know that electronic payments can empower people and help include them in economic life," said
, Deputy Executive Secretary of the U.N. Capital Development Fund, which serves as the secretariat for the Better Than Cash Alliance. "Yet, while there are many benefits in shifting away from cash, the effort requires leadership, resources and technical expertise. By offering these services to governments, private sector and development community organizations, we believe we can accelerate the shift to electronic payments."
According to a report commissioned by the Better Than Cash Alliance and released by specialist consultancy Bankable Frontier Associates (BFA), people living in poverty around the world exist in a cash-only economy that can prevent them from breaking the cycle of poverty.
Today, some 2.6 billion people live on less than
per day and 90 percent of them lack access to formal financial services. Due to the minimal volume of individual transactions, oftentimes these services are difficult and expensive to provide at scale. The report found that, as a result, most poor households are forced to subsist almost entirely in an informal, cash-only economy making it difficult for them to access financial services that create an ability to save for the future, build assets and move out of poverty.
"We've all heard the adage 'cash is king,' but for too many women and men in the world, living in a cash-reliant world is a tremendous burden," said
, the lead researcher behind the BFA study. "Cash-only economies often make it too difficult to find a path out of poverty – it means it is hard to build up savings, cash offers too many opportunities for corruption, and women are often at risk when they have to carry their life savings in cash or gold rather than in an electronic account. For these many varied reasons, it is so important to begin the journey to electronic payments."
Across the globe, governments, the private sector and the development community make billions of cash payments to people living in poverty, including disbursements of salaries, payments to vendors, pensions, social welfare stipends, cash-for-work programs, and emergency relief payments. According to the new research, which was commissioned by the Better Than Cash Alliance, these programs can play a pivotal role in driving a strategic shift to electronic payments. To access the report, visit
For governments, development community organizations and companies, the shift from cash to electronic payments can result in significant cost savings and dramatic increases in transparency, security and economic growth. A recent report by the World Bank found that governments can cut up to 75 percent of costs through electronic payment programs[i].