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What Currency ETFs Can Tell Us About the U.S. Economy

NEW YORK ( ETF Expert) -- The United States of America is frequently credited with being the largest economy in the world. Indeed, the U.S. produces the greatest market value of final goods and services per year.

On the other hand, when an economy is not defined by national borders, the European Union can be credited with the largest Gross Domestic Product. It is this fact that financial markets may have been underestimating since July 26.

Roughly one month ago, the president of the European Central Bank famously stated that policymakers will "do whatever it takes to preserve the euro." In fact, since Mario Draghi strongly hinted the ECB would be able to buy bonds in the way Ben Bernanke's Federal Reserve has done with its quantitative easing, both the CurrencyShares Euro Trust (FXE) as well as Vanguard Europe (VGK) have soared.

Ironically, there's no growth in the euro zone to pull the region out of its recession. Earnings in European companies , even the finest multinationals, are likely to get smaller and smaller.

That said, Draghi is not the first European leader to instill temporary confidence. One-time ECB Governor Jean-Claude Trichet dodged a credit collapse in early October 2011 by serving up loans to a dozen major European banks and pledging to spend $40 billion euros in covered bond purchases. At that point CurrencyShares Euro Trust ceased its free fall and began climbing.

Similarly, the managing director of the International Monetary Fund, Christine Lagarde, chatted up the markets and the euro-dollar in mid-January. The monster request for $1 trillion over the next several years to manage global financing needs bolstered CurrencyShares Euro Trust once more.

In each prior instance (October 2011, January 2012), CurrencyShares Euro Trust eventually broke to new lows. While one might like to believe that Draghi's July 26 promise will be an example of "third time's a charm," FXE will likely falter yet again.

Granted, markets have been willing to take Draghi's comments at face value for the last month. Yet, governments in the euro zone do not necessarily agree with the prescriptions that the ECB or IMF are putting forward. In particular, Germany's Bundesbank head Jens Weidmann as well as German Chancellor Angela Merkel may eventually do or say something that contradicts the ECB's verbal assurances.
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