NEW YORK (
) -- In most industries leadership tends to abide.
is still a leading cereal company a century after the cereal boom went bust.
still lead in cars. While their owners have changed with the years, the big studio names of the silent screen era -- Paramount, Universal, and United Artists -- remain vital today.
This is not true in technology. Most of
International Business Machines'
competitors from the 1950s and 1960s were forgotten by the 1970s. Since then whole technologies have been left behind, their pioneers with them:
Minicomputers were the story of the early 1970s, but market leaders Digital Equipment and Data General did not make it to the end of the century.
Word processors boomed in the mid-1970s, but leaders like Wang Labs and Lanier Business Products were trampled by the growth of PCs.
Graphic workstations from Silicon Graphics were all the rage in the 1980s. By early in the last decade SGI was headed for the scrap heap.
What seems self-evident today is that the PC paradigm -- the combination of TV, typewriter and tape recorder pioneered 35 years ago -- is fading out. It's being replaced by devices, the typewriter replaced by a more direct interface with the screen, the tape recorder replaced by memory chips and a wireless interface with the Web.
is doing all it can to remain relevant in the new era. Windows 8 is the most important product it has rolled out since it won the operating system from IBM over 20 years ago. If it can't convince consumers that tablets and phones running Windows 8 are the equal of those running
iOS, it's in deep, deep trouble.
But Microsoft's old Windows manufacturing partners are in deeper trouble. That's the lesson of earnings releases from
reported at Investorplace.com
reported by Business Week
The end of the desktop era rips the heart out of these two companies. For years they have sourced their products from China, and as profits are squeezed out of the fading market Chinese brands like
are moving to the fore.
To be part of the device game, manufacturers have to fade into the background. Chinese companies like
are willing to simply source and assemble, giving all the brand profits to Apple. Google and Microsoft are trying to replicate this model as best they can, joined now by
What's left for HP and Dell are the clouds.