General, administrative and other expenses decreased $0.1 million, to $26.3 million for the second quarter of 2012 from $26.4 million for the second quarter of 2011. Excluding the impact of foreign currency-related items, general, administrative and other expenses declined $0.8 million, from $26.9 million to $26.1 million for the second quarter of 2012. The $0.8 million decline was the net result of an increase of $2.2 million in professional fees and other costs associated with corporate growth and being a public company, and a decrease of $3.0 million in IPO-related costs, to zero in the current year’s second quarter.
Incentive income compensation expense rose $19.8 million, or 48.1%, from $41.2 million for the second quarter of 2011 to $61.0 million for the second quarter of 2012, reflecting both the 20.2% increase in incentive income and differences in the compensation percentages among the funds that contributed to incentive income for the two periods.
Adjusted net income
Adjusted net income rose $24.5 million, or 17.4%, to $165.5 million for the second quarter of 2012 from $141.0 million for the second quarter of 2011, reflecting increases of $13.1 million in fee-related earnings, $1.9 million in incentive income, net of incentive income compensation expense, and $9.7 million in investment income.The portion of adjusted net income attributable to our Class A units (“adjusted net income-OCG”) was $26.2 million. On a per unit basis, adjusted net income-OCG amounted to $0.89 and $0.69 for the second quarters of 2012 and 2011, respectively. The effective income tax rates applied to adjusted net income-OCG before income taxes for the three months ended June 30, 2012 and June 30, 2011 were 18% and 21%, respectively. As described at the table under “Adjusted Net Income,” the 2012 tax rate of 18% for adjusted net income-OCG excludes the impact of a one-time adjustment to deferred tax assets. The effective income tax rate is a function of the mix of income and other factors, each of which often varies significantly within or between years and can have a material impact on the particular year’s income tax expense. The rate used for interim fiscal periods is based on the estimated full-year effective income tax rate, which is subject to change as the year progresses.