NEW YORK (
) -- For coal investors, plummeting natural gas prices and its emergence as cheaper energy alternative has been a big problem for stocks in the sector and a gas price recovery is unlikely to be a quick solution, even if some are bracing for a share rebound.
After a near 40% drop in U.S. coal stocks and a handful of recent all-time stock lows this year on falling natural gas prices, analysts are targeting Chinese demand for coal used to produce steel as the sector's best opportunity.
Earlier in June,
reported that the Chinese government has approved $23 billion in mills and other steel-related projects, in a move that was initially seen as a boost to metals mining giants like
. Interestingly, the shares of
(BTU - Get Report)
, an international coal giant, have since outperformed on expectations that Asia-based steel spending will benefit the company's metallurgical coal operations.
Signs of resilient Asian and emerging market steel demand may benefit U.S. players like Peabody Energy and
(TCK - Get Report)
with a big presence in Australian and Asia-Pacific metallurgic coal [met coal] mining, says BMO Capital Markets analyst Meredith Bandy.
That contrasts to a dim outlook for thermal coal, which is mostly used in power generation and to fuel industrial companies. Cheap natural gas, a substitute for thermal coal, is cutting at the viability of many-thermal focused coal miners in the U.S., highlighted by the over 80% year-to-date share tumble of
. Patriot Coal was split from Peabody in 2007.
"At the current gas price, pretty much all of the coal industry is challenged," says Bandy. Currently, natural gas trades at $2.20 per million BTU's, slightly higher than a decade low below $2 hit earlier in 2012.
In spite of signs of a gas recovery, Bandy highlights Peabody Energy and Teck Resources as top picks because of their exposure to Asian coal demand. "Anything that is good for China is good for the Australian coal industry, which is good for Peabody Energy," adds Bandy, who says that the company's U.S. assets and those held by
Cloud Peak Resources
(CLD - Get Report)
in the Powder River Basin of Wyoming and Montana may also withstand a continued near term lull in natural gas prices.
While consolidation between large U.S. coal players has been a big story in the sector, a recent industry slump makes many of those deals, such as
Alpha Natural Resources
in January 2011, look mistimed. Volatile commodity prices show that coal M&A carries attendant risks; however, some deals in recent years are key for some rare optimism in the industry.
By many early accounts, Vancouver-based Teck Resources bet the farm ahead of the financial crisis with a $14 billion acquisition of
in 2008. Now, the deal and Fording's met coal assets in the Elk Valley of British Columbia are a driver of Teck's earnings, as its coking products are exported to fast growing emerging markets.
Amid a worsening European debt crisis Peabody Energy bought Australian coal giant
for $5 billion in November 2011, swallowing the acquisition whole after the world largest steel maker,
, dropped out what was to be a joint takeover. Peabody's Macarthur deal and a $1.3 billion purchase of Australia's
in 2006 are the company two largest acquisitions and a driver of Asia-Pacific earnings growth.
In an early May coal industry outlook reacting to a weaker than expected first quarter earnings season, Credit Suisse analyst Richard Garchitorena noted that met coal is currently the only "bullish" part of the industry. The analyst forecast that coking coal us expected to rise to over $230 a ton in the second half of 2012 from present levels hovering around $220. In the meantime, a slight rebound in natural gas prices shouldn't be cause for optimism, notes Garchitorena, who calculates that energy users won't be incentivized to switch to thermal coal until gas prices rise above $3.
Natural gas is expected to finish 2012 at $2.50 and climb to $3.75 by the end of 2013, said ITG Investment Research chief energy economist Judith Dwarkin at a conference in May.
Increasingly, steel demand led by emerging market powerhouses like China and some economically advantaged thermal coal basins like Powder River are the industry's best hope after a 40% drop in the
Dow Jones U.S. Coal Index