HAYWARD, Calif., March 5, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Anthera Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: ANTH), a biopharmaceutical company developing drugs to treat serious diseases including cardiovascular and autoimmune disorders, today announced the continuation of the Phase 2b PEARL-SC clinical study following an interim analysis of all safety and efficacy data.
As part of the ongoing safety monitoring of the PEARL-SC clinical study, the Company's Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) met for the fourth time since the beginning of the study to review all available patient safety data. Following the analysis, the DSMB recommended the study proceed as planned without modification.
Concurrent with the DSMB review, an independent statistician completed an interim efficacy analysis after the 350th enrolled patient had reached the 24-week time-point in the study and recommended the study continue to completion. Per the clinical study protocol, the independent statistician could have recommended an early stop to the study if the difference in efficacy between pooled treatment and placebo groups at 24 weeks and either the 16, 20, or 28-week time point met a pre-defined statistical threshold. In December 2011, an independent review of the biomarker data confirmed that monthly and weekly subcutaneous doses of blisibimod resulted in statistically significant reductions of B-cells.
As a result of these recommendations, top-line efficacy data from the PEARL-SC clinical study is expected in the second quarter of 2012. With 547 patients the study retains greater than 90% statistical power to detect a treatment difference of 14% with an associated p-value of less than 0.046 (p<0.046) for the study's primary endpoint*.PEARL-SC (A randomized, double-blind Phase 2b study to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of blisibimod administration in subjects with systemic lupus erythematosus) is examining the therapeutic benefit of weekly and monthly subcutaneous injections of blisibimod in patients with active and antibody positive systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The clinical study enrolled 547 patients in 11 countries and 72 clinical sites worldwide.