That's because after taking a 14.5% stake in CVR Energy, Icahn may be holding out a flimsy takeover bid for the refining and nitrogen fertilizer company to drum up non-existent bidding interest from a competitor. That would mirror Icahn's unsuccessful tender offer for the cleaning products giant, which ended in September without shareholder support or competing bids.
Icahn's playing both bidder and M&A banker by recommending a few companies that could be acquirers of CVR Energy at a higher price than his $30 a share offer. Meanwhile, a clause in the offer signals that the investment mogul is trying to get shareholders to approve a thin takeover bid even if he's unable to drum up near-term strategic interest.
Icahn is bidding $30 a share in cash for all of CVR Energy's outstanding shares and is offering a "contingent value right" that will give shareholders a cash payment equal in value to a possible higher priced takeover bid. He also nominated a slate of nine hostile directors for the company's board to remove the poison pill that CVR Energy enacted when Icahn announced his large share position earlier in the year."We are offering shareholders a minimum of $30 per share now, a new board with a shareholder mandate to put the Company up for sale, and the upside from a sale of the Company in the form of the Contingent Value Right. This is a win-win-win for shareholders," said Icahn in a letter to CVR Energy's board. He pointed to Western Refining (WNR), HollyFrontier (HFC), Valero (VLO), Marathon Petroleum (MPC) and ConocoPhillips (COP) as potential acquirers, which he will initiate discussions with "during the next several weeks." But there's a catch. That contingent value right would expire nine months from a tender, meaning that if CVR Energy shareholders were to tender their shares to Icahn for $30 and two years down the line, Icahn were to sell the company for say $50 a share, investors would see none of the gain. In the refining business companies like Holly and Frontier announced a merger less than a year ago forming HollyFrontier, while Valero, ConocoPhillips and Marathon Petroleum are all in different stages of spin and divestiture plans, making it questionable whether a bid for CVR Energy is likely in the next nine months, even if an acquirer were to eventually emerge. Ultimately, Icahn said in his letter that a strategic acquirer or private equity firm could pay $37 a share for CVR Energy, but that valuation may be too optimistic. "The timing for a sale of CVR Energy post Icahn is unclear and potential buyers are also unclear," says Maxim Group analyst Eliecer Palacios. Meanwhile there is good reason for industry asset spins and mergers. "Fundamentally, the refining sector is in a bearish mode. Refiners are weak and there is an excess of supply" added Palacios who notes that Valero and Western Refining are both levered with net debt to capital ratios in excess of 20%, making them unlikely to have the finances for a deal. Since refining products are sold locally, a foreign buyer from India, China, Russia or Brazil wouldn't find much benefit from owning CVR Energy. "Who is going to pay $37 as
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