The program, which would require congressional approval, is directed at helping "responsible" homeowners, including those who owe more than their homes are currently worth, save an average $3,000 a year by refinancing their mortgages at attractive interest rates.
The $5 billion to $10 billion proposal is expected to be funded by a proposed "Financial Crisis Responsibility Fee" that would be imposed on the largest financial institutions, based on their size and riskiness.
President Obama also put forward a "Homeowner Bill of Rights" that would bring a uniform set of standards to make sure borrowers and lenders "play by the same rules."The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) will also announce a pilot program to convert foreclosed homes into rental units. Under the proposed refinancing program, borrowers with standard non-GSE mortgages (not jumbo loans) who have been current on their payments for at least the last 6 months -- and not skipped more than one payment in the 6 months prior -- and who have a minimum credit score of 580 will be eligible to get their loans refinanced through the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) into a 4.25% 30-year loan. To determine a borrower's eligibility, a lender need only confirm that the borrower is employed. The borrower will not have to submit a new appraisal or tax return. The Administration also proposes additional risk-mitigation measures, including requiring lenders interested in refinancing deeply underwater borrowers (where the loan-to-value ratio is greater than 140) to write down the balance of these loans to qualify. "This would reduce the risk associated with the program and relieve the strain of negative equity on the borrower," the White House said in a statement. Obama also proposed legislation to allow underwater borrowers to rebuild equity in their homes. Borrowers will have to agree to refinance into a shorter term loan of no more than 20 years with roughly the same monthly payments, which would allow them to pay down a greater portion of their principal and restore equity in their homes.