NEW YORK ( TheStreet) -- Markets started 2011 in recovery mode. Although the global economy was weak and unstable, there was hope. As the year draws to a close, the prospects for many economies look grim, however. The recovery seems to be receding as world crises prevail.
At the center of the headwinds were the European sovereign debt woes, the massive budget deficits that governments incurred to stabilize their financial systems, a downgrade of the U.S. credit rating, and the fear of a double-dip recession. Worldwide, investors, including the elite, suffered in 2011 as the year played out turbulently, if not chaotically. Value erosion amounted to nearly $6.04 trillion as of Dec. 27, according to Bloomberg data.
"2011 is a year that a lot of us would rather forget," said Pat McHugh, senior portfolio manager at Manulife Asset Management, referring to the dismal performance of investors' stock portfolios this year. However, as the year winds down, a few stock exchanges have posted gains:The Botswana Gaborone Stock Market (BGSMAC INDEX) topped the list, rising 31.5% during the year. The Tehran Stock Exchange (TEDPIX) followed, up 29.6%. The Tanzania All Share Index (DARSDSEI INDEX) gained 12%. The JSE Market Index (JMSMX INDEX) and Dow Jones Industrial Average (INDU INDEX) moved up 11.9% and 5%, respectively. The Philippine SE Index (PCOMP INDEX) and the Jakarta Composite Index (JCI INDEX) ended up 4.1% and 1.5%, respectively, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. However, big exchanges like the Czech Republic's Czech Traded Index (CCTX INDEX), China's benchmark Shanghai Composite (SHCOMP INDEX) and France's CAC 40 (CAC INDEX) wiped out 32.4%, 22.5% and 13.9%, respectively. Indices of major emerging economies also declined. The German's DAX (DAX INDEX) lost 16.5% due to the eurozone crisis and the country's budget deficit. Similarly, the FTSE 100 (UKX INDEX) performed poorly, down 6.7%. Stock markets of emerging economies, like Brazil's Brazil Bovespa Index (IBOV INDEX), shed 18.4%. It and China's Shanghai Composite were spooked by global economic instability. After the first half of 2011, the U.S. economy recovered. U.S. stock exchanges gained during the second half of the year, with major indices yielding impressive returns. The Dow Jones Industrial Average surged 5%, until date. The S&P 500 (SPX INDEX) declined 0.6%. It will end 2011 right where it began, at the 1260 price region, making this a stagnant year despite two volatile periods.