Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for net income, operating income, cash flows from operating activities or any other measure for determining the Company’s operating performance or liquidity that is calculated in accordance with GAAP.
A quantitative reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income, the most directly comparable financial measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP, is provided under “Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures to Most Directly Comparable GAAP Measures” below.
Free Cash Flow
Free cash flow is also utilized by management to analyze the cash generated by our business. Free cash flow measures the amount of income generated each period that could be used to fund acquisitions or other growth opportunities or for reinvestment in the business, after funding station and corporate, general and administrative expenses (excluding transaction costs), debt service, income taxes, and capital expenditures.
We define free cash flow as operating income (loss) before non-cash stock-based compensation expense, depreciation and amortization, gain or loss on the exchange of assets or stations, realized gain or loss on derivative instruments, net interest expense (excluding any non-cash charges or credits for changes in values of swaps, amortization of swap arrangements and amortization of debt issuance costs), income taxes paid and capital expenditures.
Management excludes depreciation and amortization, any gain or loss on the exchange of assets or radio stations, any realized gain or loss on derivative instruments and other non-cash expenses, including stock-based compensation, as they do not represent cash transactions. Management deducts payments for debt service, income taxes and capital expenditures since these represent amounts that are consistently necessary for the continuing operations of the Company in order to arrive at free cash flow available for growth opportunities or reinvestment in the Company’s business.
Management believes that free cash flow, although not a measure that is prepared or calculated in accordance with GAAP, is commonly employed by the investment community to evaluate a company’s ability to pay down debt, pay dividends, repurchase stock and/or facilitate the further growth of a company through acquisition or internal development. Management further believes that free cash flow is also utilized by investors as a measure in determining the market value of a radio company.