"The fundamentals are great, and the default rate is still declining," says Gibson Smith, portfolio manager of
Janus Flexible Bond
To own a limited stake of high-yield bonds, consider Janus Flexible Bond, an intermediate-term fund that holds a mix of government issues and investment-grade corporate bonds as well as high-yield securities. During the past 10 years, the fund has returned 6.5% annually, outdoing 90% of competitors. The fund adjusts its allocation, keeping from 3% to 25% of assets in high-yield bonds. Portfolio manager Gibson Smith currently has about 20% of assets in high-yield securities.
Some deft moves helped Smith sail through the financial crisis. To protect shareholders, he put most assets in Treasuries and lowered the high-yield allocation down to 8% of assets. The strategy enabled the fund to stay in the black during the downturn of 2008 and outdo 93% of peers for the year.
For a cautious high-yield fund, consider
Aquila Three Peaks High Income
. Portfolio manager Sandy Rufenacht sticks with steadier issuers that are improving their balance sheets by paying down debt. He avoids cyclical companies, such as airlines and paper producers, which can struggle during recessions. The approach helped the fund beat its category average by 12 percentage points in 2008. The cautious strategy often lags in rallies when the market tends to favor riskier issues. During the rebound of 2009, Aquila trailed its average competitor by 20 percentage points.
Rufenacht likes bonds issued by
Service Corp. International
, which operates cemeteries and funeral homes. "This is a solid business that can deliver consistent results in a recession," says Rufenacht.
He also likes bonds from
, which provides cable television service. Even during recessions, subscribers tend to pay their cable bills, Rufenacht says.
A steady high-yield choice is
Delaware High Yield Opportunities
, which has returned 8.6% annually during the past 10 years, outdoing 94% of competitors. Portfolio manager Kevin Loome varies the risk levels of the fund based on market conditions. As the financial crisis began to unfold in 2007, he overweighted bonds rated BB, the highest level of the high-yield universe. He shunned low-quality bonds with CCC ratings. These days he is bullish on the outlook for shakier assets and has 75% of assets in bonds that are rated B or lower.
"At this point of the market cycle, the economy is still growing, and lower-rated issuers should do well," he says.
Loome likes bonds issued by
MGM Resorts International
, a casino operator. He says that the casino industry is recovering in Las Vegas. MGM also has a stake in Macau, a fast-growing gambling market.
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