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NEW YORK (
TheStreet) -- Stocks retreated sharply Wednesday after renewed concerns about the European debt crisis obliterated gains made the previous day.
The Dow broke above 11,000 points in the afternoon but remained in red territory throughout the session. As many investors predicted, Tuesday's rally was short term only, with stocks yet to find a bottom.
By the close, the
Dow Jones Industrial Average had plunged 520 points, or 4.6%, at 10,719. The
S&P 500 was lower by 52 points, or 4.4%, at 1121, and the
Nasdaq was off by 101 points, or 4%, at 2381.
"This may not be the final bottom," said Ralph Fogel, head of investment strategy at Fogel Neale Partners. But, the "increased volatility indicates a change in direction is likely," he continued. Because there has already been a "climatic selling event," Fogel says there is likely little selling left.
"At long as the market stays in this range and does not make a new low, we think that it will move up at least on a short term basis," said Fogel. "At this point, it's like monitoring a patient."
Fresh worries about a debt contagion across the Atlantic stemmed from concerns over European banks, which took a beating after costs to insure French, Greek, Italian and Spanish debt rose.
Speculation that France's triple-A credit rating might get downgraded hit French bank stocks particularly badly.
Societe Generale and
Credit Agricole closed roughly 15% lower and
BNP Paribas lost nearly 10%.
The FTSE in London lost 3.1%, and the DAX in Frankfurt sunk 5.1%. In Asia, markets jumped on the late-Tuesday surge in U.S. stocks. Hong Kong's Hang Seng rose 2.3%, and Japan's Nikkei gained 1.1%.
The uncertainty over the global economic outlook triggered a rush to safe havens, pushing
gold prices to another fresh high
. Gold for December delivery broke above $1800 an ounce and gained $41 to settle at $1,788 an ounce by the close.
After Treasury yields plunged to a record low yesterday, the benchmark 10-year Treasury rallied further, last up 22/32. The yield dropped to 2.161%, a level close to those reached during the 2008 financial crisis. The dollar strengthened against a basket of currencies, with the dollar index up by 0.9%.
Markets found on firmer footing after fluctuating wildly on
Federal Reserve's announcement to keep interest rates near zero through at least mid-2013
. On the one hand, investors welcomed the extra clarity but on the other, were disappointed in a statement that underscored expectations for prolonged sluggish growth.
Some 8.2 billion shares changed hands on the New York Stock Exchange while 3.3 billion shares traded on the Nasdaq. More than 93% of NYSE shares declined while less than 6% advanced.
Oil prices were rebounding after crude oil supplies fell more than the market expected.
. The Energy Information Administration said crude oil supplies fell by 5.2 million barrels last week while analysts had expected an increase of 1.8 million barrels.
Also on Wednesday, the
the International Energy Agency cut its global oil demand forecast for 2011
, citing higher prices and weaker economic growth, but raised its estimate for demand growth in 2012 because of "oil-fired power needs in Japan."
The September crude oil contract gained $2.35 to settle at $79.30 a barrel.