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NEW YORK ( TheStreet) -- For the last few months, most of my articles for TheStreet.com have mentioned the narrow industry ETFs like the Global X Fishing Industry(FISN) or the small-cap country funds like the Market Vectors Small Cap Russia(RSXJ) or even small-cap specialized funds like the Global Agribusiness Small Cap(CROP).
The latest flurry however has been with broad-based domestic-index funds offering slight variations on indices like the S&P 500 and the Russell 1000. A few weeks ago PowerShares debuted the
S&P 500 High Beta Portfolio(SPHB), which owns the 100 most volatile stocks in the S&P 500, and the
S&P 500 Low Volatility Portfolio(SPLV) which own the 100 least volatile stocks in the S&P 500.
In the last few days index provider Russell Investments launched a suite of 10 ETFs similar to the two PowerShares funds but with more granularity for its own large-cap
Russell 1000 Index and small-cap
Russell 2000 Index :
Russell 1000 High Beta(HBTA) Russell 1000 Low Beta(LBTA) Russell 1000 High Volatility(HVOL)Russell 1000 Low Volatility(LVOL)Russell 1000 High Momentum(HMTM)Russell 2000 High Beta(SHBT)Russell 2000 Low Beta(SLBT)Russell 2000 High Volatility(SHVY)Russell 2000 Low Volatility(SLVY) Russell 2000 High Momentum(SHMO)
From a bigger picture standpoint, the funds allow investors who are most comfortable sticking with broad investments to make specific allocations beyond the growth-and-value versions of ETFs tracking these indices that have been available for years.
The names of some of the funds are very similar, seemingly interchangeable, so the differences need to be understood and these funds will need close monitoring by anyone using them. For example the two "High Beta" funds will own stocks with the highest forecast beta for the next three-to-six months and the "High Volatility" funds own stocks with the highest volatility over the previous 60 days.
HBTA is heaviest in what Russell calls producer durables (similar to industrial stocks), technology and consumer discretionary while HVOL is heaviest in financial services stocks, discretionary and materials. On the other side of the ledger the Russell 2000 Low Beta fund is heaviest by far in health-care stocks while the Russell 2000 Low Volatility fund is heaviest by a wide margin in utilities. To repeat, the methodology calls for relatively frequent reconstituting of the underlying indices so the weighting of the funds now could look different in a few weeks.
The bigger idea with these funds is that investors not comfortable with individual stocks or making sector and country decisions can still create a far more targeted equity allocation. Targeting suitable volatility is very important, as many investors learned in 2008 they found they had more exposure to volatility than they realized.