TheStreet) -- Peter Thiel is best known to many as the co-founder of PayPal, which now has 98 million active financial accounts, and for being the first outside investor in Facebook, for which he is a board member and holder of what is estimated to be a 10% share in the company.
In 2002, Thiel sold PayPal to
(EBAY - Get Report) and founded Clarium Capital, described as "an investment management firm pursuing a global macro strategy." He is also a co-founder and managing partner of The Founders Fund, a venture capital fund.
|PayPal co-founder Peter Thiel has long channeled his business success into philanthropic and humanitarian efforts.
Among the companies he has been involved with as an investor are
(LNKD - Get Report), Yelp and Spotify.
Thiel has long channeled his business success into philanthropic and humanitarian efforts, notably the work of the
Human Rights Foundation
. Last month, Thiel was a featured speaker at the foundation's
Oslo Freedom Forum
in Norway. The
was one of the main sponsors of the event.
Thiel spoke to
about these efforts and the role the business community can -- and in his view, should -- play:
What drew you to the work of the Human Rights Foundation, the Oslo Freedom Forum and, in general, the global fight for human rights?
The moment you notice how pervasive violence is in the world, you can never look away. Opposing violence is not only a compelling cause; it's also an intellectual challenge.
For example, how do language and culture make violence easier to justify and harder to notice? Efforts to understand these problems better could make it much easier for people everywhere to tell the truth and to defend each other's rights.
I support the Human Rights Foundation and the Oslo Freedom Forum because their focus on dissidents engages the intellectual debate as well as the moral cause. As we've seen this year alone, sometimes the biggest secret is how weak autocratic states are. Once the truth has been made public, it becomes very costly to deny. The dissidents at Oslo unveil the low foundations of power.
You have embraced unique and creative approaches to your advocacy and charitable efforts. Why is that so important? How does this approach mirror your own business philosophy?
There are two forms of economic growth: intensive and extensive.
Extensive growth is extending best practices to places where they're currently absent. Much of the catch-up growth in the developing world is extensive. For instance, bringing 20th century railroads to Asia.
On the other hand, intensive growth is about creating something wholly new, going from zero to one. The first car, the first airplane, the first mobile phone. You can make the same distinction about philanthropy. The defense of human rights requires both extensive and intensive philanthropy, and I focus most of my efforts on the latter.
Have recent world events -- pro-democracy movements; the continuing influence of China; even perhaps backlash to some of the invitees to the Royal wedding, made such advocacy even more relevant and vital? In the bigger picture, how is globalization helping or hurting the cause for human rights and freedoms?
There are good and bad versions of globalization, and whichever one happens, it will turn on whether we protect human rights. The existential threats that can arise in a globalized world tend to make authoritarian societies even more intolerant of dissidents and nonconformists.
As all societies grow and require more innovation to overcome resource constraints, they will reach a crossroads where they must let individuals experiment and deviate from the social norm. Innovation and individuality must not become imperiled by violence shrouded in the rhetoric of emergency.