NEW YORK (
) -- Signs that the
tech IPO market is heating up
along with crazy-high valuations of some of today's most well-known Internet start-ups have triggered some familiar feelings for tech watchers -- and they aren't necessarily positive.
As they ruminate over the gobs of money that venture capitalists and investment banks are pouring into young digital media firms, some can't help but wonder if a new tech bubble is forming -- and if we're experiencing days similar to the ones leading up to March 10, 2000, when the Nasdaq peaked at 5,048.62 before tanking a short time later.
The subsequent dot-com collapse led to the liquidation of dozens of Silicon Valley start-ups, many of which were worth billions just months before.
| Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg
Today, 11 years later,
worth has jumped 30% to $65 billion just six weeks after
) invested in the company at a $50 billion valuation.
Micro blogging site
has seen its valuation almost double to $7.7 billion since its January funding round, and social gaming company
, maker of the ubiquitous
game on Facebook, is reportedly raising capital at a $10 billion valuation --
surpassing that of public video game giant Electronic Arts(
Some investors are comparing these sky-high valuations with those of the once-promising start-ups of the dot-com era. Take early Internet grocer
, whose shares were worth $6 billion despite the fact that the firm was generating less than $5 million in revenue.
"When I look at where we are right now, it reminds me so much of 1999 and frankly it scares me," Fred Wilson, a principal at Union Square Ventures in New York, recently wrote on his blog.
Other tech watchers, however, note a series of crucial differences that sets today apart from the dot-com era.
Unlike Internet pioneers like
, which spent millions of dollars on splashy advertising while continually losing money on sales, many of today's high profile start-ups are profitable, possess solid business models, experienced management teams and hundreds of millions in revenue.
Facebook's revenue, for example, jumped as high as $2 billion in 2010 and its profit topped $400 million, according to media reports. Zynga also generated a $400 million profit and hit nearly $850 million in sales.
"Whether or not you believe it's excessive to price Facebook at $65 billion or Groupon at $6 billion, there are trends and revenues to price those valuations," said Jeff Clavier, a prominent Silicon Valley angel investor and managing partner at SoftTech VC.
Venture capitalists say they have learned their lesson. Greg Gottesman, managing director at Madrona Ventures Partners in Seattle, said VCs are investing in companies more cautiously than they did during the 1990s.
"Companies in the dot-com era raised a lot of money ahead of their traction," he said. "We're smarter now in terms of not funding companies just based on ideas, but on metrics and real value."
Venture capital investments peaked in 2000, when firms poured in more than $100 billion to fund nearly 8,000 deals, according to the National Venture Capital Association. Total VC investment has declined steadily since then, with venture capitalists investing $21.8 billion in 3,277 deals last year.