NEW YORK (
) -- While the Obama administration's "Making Home Affordable" program has been firing its gun at the housing crisis for over a year, it hasn't yet found the magic bullet.
Need a lower rate? The government has helped push the typical
mortgage rate down to 4.32%
Need the principal cut because you're underwater on the loan? The government will
with banks that agree to do so.
second lien in the way
? The government is incentivizing banks to work those out, too.
Are you in a state with high unemployment? You'll get
Do monthly payments
not make sense for you financially? Not to worry. The government is also nudging banks (with dollars) to use "foreclosure alternatives" like
short sales or deed-in-lieu transactions
as a last-ditch effort to avoid foreclosure.
"Making Home Affordable" seems to have everything covered. But the program has had lackluster results so far because the housing crisis is no longer contained to the housing market; its success now relies on job growth.
By measures of price and borrowing cost, homes are more "affordable" now than they've ever been - at least for new borrowers. Home prices have fallen at double-digit levels from 2007 highs in most states, and mortgage rates are at historic lows.
Yet existing homeowners have been burned by those same price declines. In Nevada, the vast majority of homeowners are underwater - meaning they owe more, sometimes a lot more, than homes are worth. In Arizona and Florida, it's split about 50-50.
In "underwater" cases, making mortgage payments simply doesn't make sense since homeowners have no equity; workouts simply don't make sense because banks would need to eat big losses on principal cuts. In other cases, borrowers simply don't have the income to afford anything. Elevated unemployment levels have made mortgage payments rise as a percentage of income, even as "affordability" metrics like price and interest rate have fallen to new lows.
The National Association of Realtors' housing-affordability index remained relatively high at 161.8 in July, the payment as a percentage of income rose to 15.5%. Any index level above 100 means that a family earning the median national income has more than enough to pay for a median-priced home. At the top of the market in 2007, payments were nearly 22% of income; at a low in January, the level dropped down to 14%.
The 10 "hardest hit" states are facing both quandaries at once.