NEW YORK ( TheStreet) -- The recent Adani coal deal may just be the beginning, as severe coal shortages could compel Indian power companies to purchase coal mines or forge joint ventures with major coal exporters such as Australia, Indonesia and South Africa.
India plans to augment power generation capacity to 62,000MW by 2012 from the current 159,000MW. Although India is the world's third-largest producer of coal, domestic supplies and transportation networks are yet to keep pace with demand growth. The country will continue to rely on imports to cap the supply-demand gap, as the bulk of new power projects will be largely coal-based.
Coal India, the world's largest coal producer, planning to raise $3.2 billion this October, is also pursuing assets in Australia. In comparison to Indian coal, Australian coal has better gross calorific value, thereby producing higher electricity per a tonne of coal. Coal India is negotiating with Rio Tinto (RTP) and Peabody Energy (BTU - Get Report) for deals in Australia.
Reliance Industries, the largest Indian company with a market capitalization of $72.1 billion, plans to invest more than $15 billion over the next decade in power transmission projects. The company will bid for three ultra-mega power projects of 4,000 MW capacities each in India. In parallel, Reliance is planning for coal mines in Australia, Indonesia and South Africa, three biggest coal exporting countries.Tata Power, a Tata group company, is looking for a strategic stake in Indonesian and South African coal mines for supply of 6-8 million tons of coal to fuel its 2x800MW thermal power project. The company targets to acquire a stake that will assure 8-9 million tons of coal supply. In China, utility companies are boosting coal purchases to meet the growing demand for electricity. For instance, Huaneng Power International (HNP - Get Report), China's largest power producer, generated 38% more electricity during the first half of 2010, relative to 2009. Among the U.S. coal producers, companies with a higher share of revenues from exports will likely benefit from the Asian demand surge. Walter Energy (WLT - Get Report) and Alpha Natural Resources (ANR - Get Report) have 76% and 52% of their respective revenues from international markets, compared to 18% for Massey Energy (MEE), 11% for Consol Energy (CNX - Get Report), and 5% for Cloud Peak Energy (CLD). Meanwhile, the increase in number of power plants in India will benefit U.S.-based companies such as General Electric (GE), a leading turbine manufacturer. Adani Power - Link Energy Deal