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One of them is
Facebook, the six-year old social network king with more than 400 million users and an estimated $800 million in annual revenues. But given the fickle history of social networking sites --
Friendster come to mind -- what makes Facebook a viable investment target?
Facebook is the world's largest social network, easily besting both
News Corp.'s(NWSA - Get Report) MySpace and
Twitter in active users. According to a recent traffic report from Nielsen, Facebook is also the Web's fourth-most popular destination. It's the place where everyone's friends are, and as its user base continues to grow, its revenue potential will likely expand with it.
One of Facebook's key revenue generators is advertising.
Admittedly, Web advertising is difficult to capitalize on. On far too many occasions, Web startups fail to turn a profit on the advertising revenue they generate, simply because the revenue can't match the cost of running a popular site with all of its server costs.
Google(GOOG - Get Report), might be able to buck that trend. The company currently offers some of the most targeted advertising on the Internet. Rather than ask advertisers to pick a few keywords and pay for placement on different pages, Facebook instead requires advertisers to target its users by demographic. Advertisers can target ads based on age, location, marital status and more. It's a way of breaking down Facebook's users into small segments, targeting the Web users they really want.
Facebook doesn't provide any revenue details, but
USA Today recently said the company might have generated $300 million to $400 million in advertising revenue in 2009 alone.
Another revenue stream is Facebook Credits, a virtual currency that allows users to pay real money for credits that allow them to buy goods in the more than 550,000 third-party applications built for the social network.
It's a smart move. According to market analyst Inside Network, the market opportunity for virtual-goods revenue should hit $1.6 billion in 2010. A key company in that sector,
Zynga, provides popular social games like
Mafia Wars, which are available on Facebook. Zynga has more than 239 million active monthly users. Inside Network says that social-gaming companies like Zynga could generate $835 million this year alone.