BOSTON ( TheStreet) -- The old adage says that nothing is certain but death and taxes. But for small businesses trying to plan for 2010 and beyond, their tax situation is rife with uncertainty and confusion.
Tax cuts passed under the Bush Administration are up in the air. Each tax incentive defines what a small business is differently, in terms of dollars and employees. And thanks to Congressional inaction on the estate tax, nothing is certain about "death taxes" either.
"There's a lot of tax advice we're giving with a 'Yes, but ...'" says Larry Nannis, incoming chair of the National Small Business Association and an accountant at the Needham, Mass., accounting firm
Levine, Katz, Nannis and Solomon
There are several questions that small businesses can address as they try to reduce their tax obligations in the coming years. And there are some good tax incentives, too.
Does your business qualify for the health insurance tax credit?
To encourage health insurance coverage among small businesses, the White House has been touting a new tax credit that will cover up to 35% of the health premiums that small businesses owners pay for their employees and up to 50% starting in 2014. The Internal Revenue Service will soon send out millions of postcards to alert the entrepreneurial public about the credit, which is already in effect.
Eligible firms must employ fewer than the equivalent of 25 full-time workers, and their average annual wages must be less than $50,000. To receive the full 35%, firms must employ no more than 10 full-time workers. The credit phases out as the number of workers increases. This is a little ironic, considering small businesses also
receive a payroll tax break
for hiring unemployed workers. "[The government] will give you a tax credit if you hire a worker, but if you hire a worker you'll start losing your health care credit," notes Bill Rys, tax counsel for the
National Federation of Independent Businesses
How should small businesses prepare for the potential end of the Bush tax cuts?
If Congress does nothing, the tax cuts the Bush administration passed will expire in 2011. For small-business owners attempting to stay in a lower tax bracket in 2011, it may make sense to sprint for revenue in 2010. When a company files as an S corporation, a partnership or a limited liability corporation, profits as taxed as part of the owners' personal income.