Broadly speaking, the regulation will force banks to be more transparent about terms, in simple language, and will not allow them to quickly change rates or fee structures. Additionally, if they do plan on raising rates, customers will now not only get more time to opt out of the debt agreement, but also more time to pay off their outstanding balance.
The CARD Act will also ban lenders from preying on less-sophisticated consumers. For instance, the common practice of offering college students gifts or food in exchange for filling out an application will now be banned, and students will also have to prove their ability to pay before being approved.
Big banks are using very different approaches to deal with the impending changes, and the negative effect they will have on revenue and profit. They will have to be careful about the strategies they use to replace that income without angering customers and regulators.
Bank of America, for one, appears to have embraced regulatory changes aimed at helping consumers, as part of its overall push for better customer service. The bank rolled out a "clarity initiative" for its 40 million credit-card customers in November, distributing one-page explainers of terms and fees that were easy to understand. Management has warned investors during conference calls that Bank of America will simply lose revenue from practices that are being banned by regulators -- up to $800 million due to the CARD Act alone -- until the firm figures out how to spread those fees across other products and services.
Citigroup, on the other hand, has been combating the change by
adding annual fees
onto popular credit cards. The New York Attorney General attacked the firm for attempting to use the same tactic on checking accounts. Citigroup settled the dispute by suspending those plans.