Under the plan, large commercial banks would have to halt any capital markets activity that does not directly serve customers. Proprietary trading, investment banking advisory services, and anything having to do with hedge funds or private equity, would be prohibited activities at the country's largest banks.
President Obama supports the notion, which has been outlined and advocated by former Federal Reserve Chairman Paul Volcker, who is now one of his top economic advisors. But Wall Street, unsurprisingly, is not a fan.
The most diverse banks, like Bank of America (BAC - Get Report), JPMorgan Chase (JPM - Get Report) and Citigroup (C - Get Report), would need to determine how to hack off huge chunks of their operations, or simply close certain shops. It's unclear how the changes would affect others, like Goldman Sachs (GS - Get Report) and Morgan Stanley (MS - Get Report), but they would presumably need to get rid of their banking charters to continue business as usual.The entire speculative industry -- bank or not -- will face much stricter scrutiny whether Volcker succeeds or not. On Tuesday, Volcker and Deputy Treasury Secretary Neal Wolin spent the better part of three hours outlining the benefits of the proposal. Despite Volcker's urgent tone and his assertion that breaking apart commercial and investment banking is the only way to effectively reform the industry, some members were skeptical. Ranking Republican Richard Shelby, of Alabama, was clearly opposed to the measure, launching questions that were condescending in tone. Committee Chairman Chris Dodd (D., Conn.) didn't necessarily disagree with the reforms, but indicated that adding another restrictive measure after months of partisan bickering over a broad reform proposal, would only delay progress.