Target-date mutual funds, which shift to less risky securities over time, weren't conservative enough to keep investors close to retirement from losing money.
The average 2010 target-date mutual fund lost 25% last year, according to research firm Lipper. That's better than the 37% loss of the S&P 500 Index, but not what one would hope to see two years before they plan to retire.
Mutual fund firms introduced target-date mutual funds more than 10 years ago, billing them as a hassle-free way to save for retirement. However, the stock market spasms of 2008 pushed many target-date funds off their moorings. Now, investors planning to retire by 2015 are facing significantly smaller nest eggs.
Top performers: While many target-date funds posted dismal performances during the past year, some funds have weathered the recession fairly well. The SunAmerica 2015 High Watermark Fund (HWFAX) is down 2.2%, a fraction of the 20% to 30% losses of competing funds with the same target date. The MFS Lifetime 2010 Fund (MFSAX) has fallen 8.9% in the past year.The best-performing funds filled their portfolios with high-quality bonds, avoiding the worst of the fallout from the subprime mortgage debacle, says Morningstar (MORN - Get Report) analyst Greg Carlson. While that strategy helped during the past year, there's no guarantee these funds will lead the pack next year. Choosing the right fund: To pick a good target-date fund, you'll have to do some digging. Morningstar mutual fund analyst Michael Herbst says investors should begin their searches with established companies like Vanguard Group and T. Rowe Price Group (TROW - Get Report). "Even if their funds haven't held up as well as others in the recent past, we respect these companies' ability to execute strategy effectively," he says.