Updated from 1:07 p.m. EST
(GE - Get Report)
is preparing to report fourth-quarter earnings Friday against the backdrop of mounting investor worries about the capital levels of U.S. financial companies and concern about the conglomerate's dividend.
GE has said it will not take equity from the government, even as former financial blue chips like
(C - Get Report)
(AIG - Get Report)
Bank of America
(BAC - Get Report)
come back for second helpings of funds from the $700 million federal bailout approved by Congress in October.
The Dow Jones component also said it will not increase its dividend for the first time in more than 30 years, but it insists it will not cut it.
The two issues are most likely intertwined. Taking money from the government would be especially risky for GE, because it could lead to political pressure on its quarterly payout. And cutting its dividend could be especially costly, since GE estimates about 40% of its shareholders are retail investors.
Nicholas Heymann, analyst with Sterne Agee, estimates GE raises $4 billion to $5 billion annually through reinvestment of its dividend -- an amount that could be threatened if retail investors lose their dividend.
"That will probably start to recede rather than increase as a source of cash flow," Heyman says.
This is no doubt in the minds of GE officials when they say they don't need government capital. The original rules of the federal Troubled Asset Relief Program, or TARP, prohibit banks from increasing their dividends, but
pressure is growing
for banks who received a government investment to make any kind of a payout. The speed with which companies like
went through the first $350 billion of the $700 billion bailout legislation has been shocking to many, leading to a major selloff in equity markets last week.