If you pit two retirement-investment options against each other, which one earns the knockout?
Variable annuities boasted net assets of close to $1.5 trillion in 2007, according to the
Insurance Information Institute
. That figure pales in comparison to the staggering $4.75 trillion invested in IRAs last year, according to the
Employee Benefit Research Institute
There is a little wiggle room in the figures, however: Most of the growth in IRA assets comes from rollovers of other retirement accounts, such as 401(k) plans. Meanwhile, actual sales of variable annuities totaled $160.4 billion in 2007. The top sellers include major players like
(HIG - Get Report)
($3.8 billion) and
To ensure a fair fight, it's important to define the terms: A variable annuity is a contract with an insurance company that guarantees you either an immediate payout or a series of periodic payments from a specific date of your choosing until your death. IRAs, on the other hand, are tax-advantaged investment vehicles from which you can withdraw money to support yourself in retirement.
Which one comes out ahead? Read on for a blow-by-blow account.
Most IRAs charge fees equivalent to about 0.7% of your account. Some, like Vanguard's
Target Retirement 2040 Fund
, are much cheaper, with an expense ratio of just 0.21%.
Variable annuities, on the other hand, generally come with a laundry list of standard fees that can total more than 2% a year. They include annual administrative fees, surrender charges, an annual mortality and expense risk charge, and underlying fees and expenses from the mutual funds in which your annuity is invested.