Updated from 4:16 p.m. EST
Stocks in the U.S. rallied out of the gate Thursday, but the major averages spent the bulk of the session in the red and closed lower following a much weaker-than-expected report on manufacturing activity in the mid-Atlantic region.
Dow Jones Industrial Average
lost 142.96 points, or 1.2%, at 12,284.30, and the
was down 17.50 points, or 1.3%, at 1342.53. The tech-heavy
fell 27.32 points, or 1.2%, to 2299.78.
After a positive start, New York shares dropped significantly when the
Bank of Philadelphia said its monthly index sank to negative 24 from minus 20.9 in January. A number below 0 indicates a contraction in activity, and that was worse than economists' already poor average expectation of a negative 10 reading.
Evidence has been building for months that the economy is in danger of entering a recession, in no small part due to the carnage in the credit markets, which has led the Fed to sharply lower borrowing costs.
However, some data have remained upbeat, and policymakers have been reluctant to completely abandon the argument that too much easing could create inflationary pressures, especially in an environment of soaring commodity prices.
"This data just reinforces the fact that the Fed is likely to cut interest rates again [even amid] higher inflation," said Peter Cardillo, chief market economist with Avalon Partners.
Still, while traders might be comforted by falling rates, they also don't want to see the economy in a tailspin. Data such as the Philly Fed numbers, then, often end up muddying the picture more than they clear it up.
The market continues to be "basically stuck in this holding pattern," said Cardillo. "It continues to bounce around, and is still very much seeking direction."
Breadth was poor. About 3.62 billion shares changed hands on the
New York Stock Exchange
, and roughly 2.28 billion on the Nasdaq, with decliners beating advancers by a 7-to-3 margin.
In the tech space,
(CSCO - Get Report)
got an initial boost after Citigroup upgraded the company to
buy from hold
, citing its valuation. However, Cisco closed down a penny to $23.19, retreating from a sizable climb earlier in the day.
One of the top gainers was
Research In Motion
lifted its targets
for subscriber additions. RIM shares jumped 9% to finish at $106.69.
Last time out, the release of the
minutes from the most recent Fed meeting
helped push financial stocks higher, while energy shares benefited from crude prices that exceeded $101 a barrel.
By the end of the session, the Dow closed up 90 points to 12,427, and the S&P 500 added 11 points to 1360. The Nasdaq rose 21 points to 2327.
"Investors found the silver lining in the minutes from the last [Federal Open Market Committee] meeting," said Marc Pado, U.S. market strategist with Cantor Fitzgerald. "The Fed members said they were willing to do more to fend off an economic recession, but remained concerned about inflation."
As the market unraveled today, however, Peter Morici, a business professor at the University of Maryland, took a darker view. He said that Fed interest rate cuts, together with the Bush administration's tax-rebate stimulus package and efforts to help subprime borrowers facing foreclosure, are "all about getting Americans borrowing again. That's like giving the hung-over alcoholic another drink."
"Reckless trade and energy policies and fraudulent banking," he says, "have set Americans for a tough bout with stagflation -- rising prices and unemployment."
As for commodities, gold futures hit an
of $953.40 an ounce earlier, but ended the day down $2.30 to $943.80.
Crude oil slipped, as well, after the Energy Information Administration reported that U.S. crude stockpiles rose by 4.2 million barrels in the week ended Feb. 15 -- well above the expected build. Oil gave up 66 cents to $97.57 a barrel.