In its yearly review, IPO specialist Renaissance Capital said the average returns for 2005 new issues were 17%, with 6% coming in the aftermarket, beating the major market indices for the fifth straight year. IPO volume dropped just slightly, with 185 deals priced as of Tuesday and 195 expected by year-end, compared with at total of 216 in 2004.
Renaissance said proceeds raised from the IPOs dropped because of the absence of super-sized deals. As of mid-December, IPOs had produced $33 billion of funds, compared with $43 billion the previous year.
"After a strong performance in 2004, it was reasonable to expect the IPO market to accelerate in 2005. And it did, until the relentless crush of bad economic and political news took its toll starting in mid-summer," said the Renaissance report. "For most of the second half of the year, the IPO market moved sideways until it picked back up again in December when investors began to conclude that rate hikes were largely over, the Iraq war was winnable and tax cut extensions were more likely."Baidu.com (BIDU) was the top-performing newcomer, up more than 400% in intraday trading before settling in with a 354% gain on its first day. Baidu has returned 175% year to date. The next best IPO was FreightCar America (RAIL - Get Report), which is up 158% since its debut. The largest IPOs included chemical companies Huntsman (HUN - Get Report) and Celanese (CE - Get Report), which raised $1.4 billion and $800 million, respectively. High-profile Wall Street names Lazard (LAZ - Get Report) and KKR Financial (KFN) were also among the biggest issues. Among the top larger deals, satellite operator PanAmSat (PA) (which actually went public for the second time) produced the best results, rising 36% so far for the year. Some of the most-hyped large IPOs, such as KKR and Warner Music Group (WMG) have had lackluster returns of 0% and 7%.