So You Want to Be in Telecom
This column was originally published on RealMoney on Sept. 7 at 10:22 a.m. EST. It's being republished as a bonus for TheStreet.com readers.
The Internet bubble gets all the attention, but the telecom blowup was just as painful and has left investors in the sector wary of re-entry. However, in order to maintain a diversified portfolio, there should be some exposure to the telecom sector.
These days, telecom has about a 3% weight in the S&P 500. Over the last few years, the sector has lagged the broader market badly and its weight in the SPX is much lower than in the past. Often when a sector's weight deviates from the historical norm, it eventually will revert back to it. This, along with how much the sector is disliked, may give telecom shares a chance to outperform.
There are three telecom-sector ETFs: two domestic -- iShares Dow Jones U.S. Telecom Fund (IYZ) and the Vanguard Telecom Services VIPERs (VOX) -- and one global, the iShares S&P Global Telecom Sector Index Fund (IXP).For domestic telecom exposure, VOX looks to be the best choice. Its portfolio is the most diversified, with 64% of the fund in its top 10 holdings, compared with almost 80% for IYZ. One of the primary benefits of ETFs is that they avoid risks related to the performance of individual stocks. An ETF with too much concentration in the top 10 holdings can lead to more volatility. Another factor in VOX's favor is its high dividend yield of 2.37%, compared with 1.30% for IYZ and 1.8% for the S&P 500. Lastly, VOX is cheaper. Its fees amount to only 25 basis points, while IYZ charges 60 basis points. Fees are not necessarily the be-all and end-all in choosing an ETF, but they matter, and because VOX looks like it wins on other fronts, the cheaper fees are a nice extra.
Balance In EverythingWhere VOX comes up short is that it has no foreign exposure. I maintain about a 30% weighting in foreign stocks for most clients because I am a big believer in the benefits of foreign diversification as a general principle. I also believe we may be facing a period of below-average returns for U.S. markets over the next few years. There is value in blending VOX with IXP, a global sector ETF, to gain foreign exposure. The fund is 54% committed to the U.S. and the U.K., and then is spread out between Spain, Japan, France, Germany, Italy, Canada and Australia. IXP has 66% of its funds invested in foreign telecom stocks and also has a degree of emerging-market exposure -- 6.5% or 7%, depending on whether you believe Greece belongs in that category. Despite the modest allocation to emerging markets, IXP has almost no correlation to emerging-market funds.
|The IXP Alternative
This global ETF pairs well with VOX
|Source: Your Source Financial|
A Closed-End Around Emerging MarketsTelecom shares also can offer easy entry into emerging markets. Most exotic investment destinations have easily accessible stocks like Hungary's Magyar Telekom (MTA) and Compania de Telecommunicaciones de Chile S.A. (CTC). While owning a single stock, like the Hungarian Bell, may not fit your risk profile, there is a closed-end fund that might: the Emerging Markets Telecommunications Fund (ETF).
ETF provides investors with emerging-market exposure
|Source: Your Source Financial|
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