The mutual fund scandal took yet another turn on Tuesday when the
Securities and Exchange Commission
announced it has found widespread abuse in how Wall Street brokerage firms sell mutual funds.
The SEC's nine-month investigation of 15 brokerage firms found that 14 of them received cash from funds' investment advisers. In return for these payments, 13 of the 15 firms appear to have favored the sale of the revenue-sharing funds over other funds by providing increased visibility for the funds in the broker-dealers' sales networks -- such as listings on firms' Web sites, access to sales staff, promotional materials sent to customers, inclusion on "preferred" lists and the like.
These revenue-sharing arrangements are commonly called "paying for shelf space" and aren't illegal. But while fund companies insist such payments are necessary to get brokers to notice their products, critics argue that these arrangements amount to little more than bribes intended to get brokers to push particular products.
Another (related) type of arrangement is that of fund companies' paying additional brokerage commissions on the sale of their funds. Ten of the 15 companies investigated by the SEC accepted revenue-sharing payments in the form of brokerage commissions on fund trades. Revenue-sharing payments vary between 5 and 40 basis points (0.05% and 0.4%) on sales, and from zero to 25 basis points (0.25%) on assets. In other words, for every $100,000 in new sales, a broker-dealer would receive between $50 and $400 annually, and for every $100,000 invested, the broker-dealer would receive up to $250 annually.
Extra payments weren't limited to the funds' slipping the broker-dealer some additional cash, the SEC said. About half of the broker-dealers examined also paid their own registered representatives more when they sold one of the "revenue-sharing" funds or a proprietary fund.
The broker-dealers aren't the only target of the SEC's ongoing investigation. The regulators also will probe eight mutual fund families involved in such transactions. Stephen Cutler, director of the SEC's enforcement division, wouldn't release any names of firms under investigation.