NEW YORK (
) -- A house is a home. No, it's an investment. OK, then, it's both.
And that's problem -- a muddled view that can be used to rationalize an unsuitable property. If the home's too expensive, we figure, well, it's a
. And if the value isn't rising as we'd hoped, we say, well, it's a good home. In fact, the property may not be serving either purpose as well as it should.
Disentangling these two functions is key to making the homeownership decision
. That's becoming more important as some experts warn about a new housing bubble, at least in some parts of the country.
"Bubble Fears Emerge As Experts Predict Home Value Appreciation Will Remain Above 5 Percent This Year," proclaims the headline on a recent press release from
, the mortgage and home-selling website. Zillow said its survey of 105 economists unearthed growing concerns that low mortgage rates will push home prices up too fast. If a bubble follows and bursts, homeowners would be left underwater -- owing more than their homes are worth.
To avoid this, you can keep the home you already have or
rent instead of owning
. But renting means you don't build any equity. So how do you figure how much of your home expense is an investment that will grow in value and how much is the cost of shelter -- a cost you'd have whether you rent or own?
Actually, it's fairly simple. The investment portion of your cost is the down payment and principal portion of the monthly payment, plus the cost of major improvements. That's the money actually put into the home you hope to get back after a sale, plus gains from appreciation.
For the investment to pay off, the value must grow enough to leave you with more than you put in, accounting for costs of buying and selling such as the real estate agent's commission, real estate transfer taxes, legal and document fees and so on.
Imagine you'd bought a $300,000 home with 20% down and 4% for transfer tax and other purchasing expenses -- an initial investment of $72,000. Now assume you had a 3.5% loan for 10 years and put the home on the market. Your investment would come to $126,176 -- the initial $72,000 plus $54,176 in principal through your monthly payments. (In other words, your loan balance would have dropped from $240,000 to $185,824.)
If the home sold for $400,000, you'd pay $24,000 in commission, plus, let's say, $3,000 in other costs, so you'd net $373,000. After paying off the loan balance, you'd have $187,176. So you'd have made $61,000 on your $126,176 investment, or about 4% a year.